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Create grade items

Create a numeric grade item

While Grade Categories are optional, Grade items are required in setting up your Grades tool. Numeric Grade Items contribute to the final calculated grade.

Screenshot of what's described in the steps.
  1. On the Manage Grades page, click Item from the New button.
Screenshot of what's described in the steps.
  1. Click Numeric.
Screenshot of what's described in the steps.
  1. Enter a Name for the grade item. You can enter a Short Name to display in the Enter Grades spreadsheet.
  2. (OPTIONAL) If this grade item will be associated with a category, select a category from the Category drop-down list or click New Category. A category is a way to organize similar grade items. Learn more about categories.
  3. Enter the value you want the item graded out of in the Maximum Points field.
  4. If you are using the weighted system, enter the Weight you want the grade item to contribute to the final calculated grade or the category total (if it's part of a category).
  5. If you want users’ grades to exceed the total value of the item, select the Can Exceed check box. (E.g. if it's possible to earn extra points on the assignment, check this box.)
  6. Select the Bonus check box if you want the item itself to be a bonus item for the final calculated grade.
  7. You can select a Grade Scheme to associate with the item. A grade scheme is another way to display the score. The default grade scheme is a percentage calculation. (E.g. if the score is 7/10, students will see 70% in the Grade Scheme.) Here are a few of the most commonly used grade scheme options:
    • Percentage will calculate the percentage based on the student's scure
    • Letter RU v1 is based on the Undergraduate Scales (used by most of Ryerson, except Graduate Studies)
    • Letter Graduate v1 is based on the Graduate Scales.
    • Pass Fail 50 will give a pass grade for anything above 50
Screenshot of what's described in the steps.
  1. These are checkboxes that allow you to overwrite some default display options for either the student view (the student view is how this grade item appears to your students), and/or the managing view (the managing view is your own personal view of this item as an instructor). Default display options can be adjusted in the Settings tool.
Screenshot of what's described in the steps.
  1. Scroll back to the top and click the Restrictions tab. If you want to hide the grade item from students, you can click "Hide this Grade Item". Learn more about hiding/showing grade items from students.
  2. Click Save and Close.

 RECOMMENDED: HIDE GRADE ITEMS

We highly recommend hiding your grade columns at the start of term.

There are a few reasons for this:

  1. It may be upsetting for a student to see a 0 value grade (or even an F), even if they know it is too early for those grades to be official.
  2. As you begin entering grades, students may receive notification emails (if they have enabled them). Some students may contact you if they hear that their peers have received grades when they haven't yet.
  3. Also related to email notifications, some workflows may send students notifications of incomplete grades - again, leading them to believe they have achieved a 0 on an assignment.

Overall, based on feedback we have received from instructors since we began using Brightspace, setting all grade items  as 'Hidden' (or scheduled for a future date release) seems to offer the best student and instructor experience.

About grade item types

The grades tool in D2L Brightspace supports several different grade item types. We recommend that you use the Numeric type unless there is a very compelling reason to choose another option.


Numeric

Grade users by assigning a value out of a specified total number of points.
E.g. 8/10

Automatically grade users using a custom formula based on achievement on other grade items.

Formula

E.g. Give users who received at least 50% on all participation grade items a perfect attendance bonus.
IF{ MIN{ [P1.Percent], [P2.Percent] } < 50, 0, 1

Note: Calculated grades can only be used for the Instructor to take a "snapshot" of student grades. These grades cannot be included in the Final Grade calculation, or in release conditions.

Calculated

Calculate users' cumulative achievement across multiple grade items.
E.g. Midterm Grade
A1+A2+Q1+Q2 / Total Max. Points * 100 = 73%

Note: Calculated grades can only be used for the Instructor to take a "snapshot" of student grades. These grades cannot be included in the Final Grade calculation, or in release conditions.

Text

Provide comments in the grade book that are not calculated in the final grade.
E.g. "Course Evaluation Completed"

 

Pass/Fail

Grade users using a simple pass/fail grade scheme.
E.g. "Pass" or "Fail"
 

Selectbox

Note: This option cannot be used by most courses at Ryerson, as it requires a course-level grade scheme. At Ryerson, we standardize grade schemes centrally, based on those approved by the registrar's office.

Grade users by selecting the grade scheme level that best matches their achievement.
E.g. "Very Good" or "B+"