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Create quiz questions

Overview

Questions can be created directly within a specific quiz, or can be created in a folder within the Question Library for use in a number of quizzes.

You should first determine which workflow will work best for you.

If you are new to D2L Brightspace, and have fairly simple quizzes, you may choose to create the questions directly in each quiz, by clicking the "Add/Edit Questions" button when creating or editing a quiz.

If your quizzes are more complicated - perhaps they reuse questions from other quizzes, or maybe you like to offer a random assortment of questions - you may want to consider creating them in the Question Library first.

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Question Library

Each course shell has a Question Library, where you can collect and organize all of your quiz questions in one place, and decide how to use them within quizzes. Questions stored in the Question Library can be reused in various quizzes within your course.

You may choose to create separate sections in the question library for different groups of questions. You may choose to group them by quiz, or break it down into smaller topic-specific sections.

Learn more about creating questions in the Question Library and reusing existing questions by copying them to the Question Library by reviewing the tutorial on the last tab on this page.

Question Types

Learn about the question types you can create in a quiz or in the Question Library in the tab on this page.

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  1. In your D2L Brightspace course shell, you can find the Quizzes tool in the top menu bar, under Assessment.
    • The Quizzes tool can also be found by going to Course Admin.
    • If you do not see the Quizzes tool in your course, you may need to enable it in your course first.

 COPYRIGHT NOTICE:
It is your responsibility to make sure that all material uploaded to Ryerson University's LMS/Brightspace by D2L and other systems complies with Canadian copyright laws. Please consult the "external,Do-it-Yourself Copyright Checking workflow" before you upload content.

Use Ryerson University's already existing licences for content from the library and the Ryerson University "external,Fair Dealing Guideline".

If you have copyright questions contact copyrt@ryerson.ca.
 

Introduction

Why create questions directly in the quiz?

If you are new to D2L Brightspace and your quiz is simple and straight-forward, you may choose to create the quiz questions directly in the quiz (as opposed to creating them in the Question Library first).

Start by creating a quiz. If you haven't done this yet, please review the Create a quiz documentation page.

Adding questions within a quiz
Adding questions within a quiz
  1. When you are ready to add or create the quiz questions, click the "Add/Edit Questions" button on the Properties tab of your quiz editor.
  2. You will be brought into the question editor screen.
The 'new' menu for creating quiz questions
  1. Select the New button.

  2. Select what you would like to add to the quiz. Options include the following:
    • Section - divide your questions into separate "folders"
    • Random Section - this is a special type of "folder" that allows you to randomly select a subset of questions to present to each student.
    • Questions - options include True or False, Multiple Choice, Long Answer, and more. See the tab on Question types for a description of each question type.

For this example, we will take a closer look at the Multiple Choice question type.

Review the question options
  1. Options
    Review the optional elements of the question type and decide which ones are enabled. For example, you may not want to enter in question hints, or custom weights (for partial marks).
     
  2. Short Description and Question Text
    The Short Description is optional, and is most useful for you to identify your questions by title.

    Fill in the Question Text field with the question. You may choose to include images, equations and some basic formatting.

 

Add answer options
  1. Question Answers
    Enter the possible answers to the question, making sure that one of them is the correct answer. These can also include images, equations and some basic formatting.

  2. Add Answer (below the list of answers)
    If the default number of answer options is not enough, click this button to add another one.


  3. Assign Values
    If the question has definitive correct and incorrect answers, like a True/False or Multiple Choice question, assign the appropriate values to each answer.

    If Custom Weights was not enabled in the question Options, you will simply have to identify the correct answer.

    If Custom Weights was enabled, you will need to assign the value of each answer. Incorrect answers should be given a 0, correct answers should be given 100. Partial marks may also be given.

  4. Answer-specific Feedback
    If you would like to give feedback specific to each answer, you can enter it here.

 

Additional options
  1. Randomize Answers?
    If you want the students to get their answers in a random order, check this box. DO NOT check this box if any of your answers include a reference to the other answers (i.e. the answer text says "a, b and c are correct").

  2. Enumeration
    If enabled in the question Options, you can specify how the answers are enumerated here (i.e. a, b, c, d, e).

  3. Overall Feedback
    This feedback is not connected to a specific answer, and given regardless of the student's response.

  4. Point Value
    Enter the number of points this question should be worth on the test.

  5. When finished, be sure to Save.

 

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If you are creating questions on a device with a high screen resolution, you will be able to preview your question as you make changes.

Click 'done editing questions'

To return to the main screen, click the 'Done Editing Questions' button.

Import questions from the question library

If you have created questions in the Question Library and would like to use them in a quiz, follow these steps to import them into the quiz.

Start by creating a quiz. If you haven't done this yet, please review the Create a quiz documentation page.

Adding questions within a quiz
Import questions
  1. When you are ready to add or create the quiz questions, click the "Add/Edit Questions" button on the Properties tab of your quiz editor.
  2. You will be brought into the question editor screen. Click the Import button.
Adding questions within a quiz
  1. Under Import Source, choose "From an Existing Collection" to choose questions that you have created in the library or another quiz.
  2. Under Source Collection, choose Question Library.
  3. Under Source Section, choose either Collection Root or the section you wish to pull questions from.
  4. The page will quickly reload, and you will see the list of sections and/or questions that you can choose from. Select those you wish to import into your quiz.
  5. Click Save to finish your import.

The questions will appear at the bottom of the list of questions in your quiz. If desired, you can use the commands above the list to move, edit or change the order of the items.

Learn about question types

Learn more about the different question types that you can create, either directly in a quiz, or in the question library:

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True or false questions present a statement. The student needs to decide if the statement is true or false.

Required: question text, whether the answer is true or false, points

Optional: feedback, hint, short description, enumeration

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Multiple choice questions provide a statement or question with a list of possible answers. The student must choose the best answer. Multiple choice questions are different from multi-select questions because you can only pick one answer for each multiple choice question.

Required: question text, answers (ideally 3 or more), points

Optional: ability to randomize answers, feedback, hint, short description, custom weights (partial points), enumeration (a, b, c vs i, ii, iii)

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Multi-select questions provide a statement or question, and require the student to identify one or more correct answers within a list of possible answers. Multi-select questions are different from multiple choice (MC) questions because multi-select questions enable students to select more than one answer, and have grading options to structure points awarded based on how many of the correct answers are chosen.

Required: points, difficulty (1-5), question text, style (vertical vs horizontal stacking of answers), grading options (all or nothing vs right minus wrong vs correct answers), answer text, 

Optional: title, image, description, enumeration, randomize answers, answer feedback text, question hint, question feedback

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Written response questions require students to write detailed answers to open-ended questions. Answers can be in the form of sentences, paragraphs, programming languages, HTML code, or even mathematical formulas or explanations. Written response questions must be graded manually by the instructor, as many types of long answers can be subjectively judged.

Required: question text, points

Optional: enable HTML editor, feedback, hint, short description, answer key, custom response box size

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Short answer questions require students to provide brief answers to open-ended questions.  Short answer questions can be auto-graded, as the system searches for matching character patterns.

Required: question text, answer text (can be text, case-sensitive text or a regular expression), points

Optional: feedback, hint, short description

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Multi-short answer questions require students to answer a question that requires multiple answers and input their answers into individual input boxes. These questions can be auto-graded, as the system searches for matching character patterns in the submitted answer text. Each submitted answer is compared to each possible answer stored in the answer fields.

Required: points, difficulty (1-5), question text, input box options (#, width, height), answers, answer weights, evaluation type (case insensitive, case sensitive, regular expression)

Optional: title, image, description, question hint, question feedback

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Fill in the blanks questions require students to fill in a word or phrase for an incomplete sentence, statement, phrase, or list. These questions can be auto-graded, as the system searches for matching character patterns in the submitted answer text. As a best practice, D2L recommends that answers in blank fields are no more than one or two words to ensure auto-grading accuracy. The listed order of blank and text fields needs to correspond with the sequence displayed to users.

Required: points, difficulty (1-5), question text options (#blanks, #text boxes), question text, answer text, answer weight, evaluation type (case insensitive, case sensitive, regular expression), 

Optional: title, image, description, question hint, question feedback

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Matching questions require students to choose from a set of possible match choices from drop-down lists and pair them correctly with related items. This question type enables the instructor to gauge recognition of information and relationships.

Required: points, difficulty (1-5), question text, grading style (equally weighted, all or nothing, right minus wrong, number of answer choices, answer text for each choice, number of matches, text for each match, 

Optional: title, image, description, question hint, question feedback

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Ordering questions require students to organize a number of items into a particular order.

Required: points, difficulty (1-5), question text, grading options (equally weighted, all or nothing, right minus wrong), number of items, item text, item feedback, item order

Optional: title, image, description, question hint, question feedback

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Arithmetic questions allow you to appraise students' understanding of mathematics. You can ensure each respondent receives a unique question by including variables enclosed with curly braces that randomly generate numbers within the problem.

Note: As best practice, it is recommended that you create long answer (LA) question types for arithmetic problems that require users to show their work.

Required: points, difficulty (1-5), question text, formula, tolerance units/percent and amount, evaluation options (case insensitive, case sensitive, regular expression), # of variables, variable values (name, min, max, decimal places, step)

Optional: title, image, description, answer precision (0-10), enforce precision on/off, units field, units value % of points, question hint, question feedback

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Significant figures questions require students to answer in scientific notation and provide solutions that contain a specified number of significant figures. Math and science courses commonly use this question type. You can ensure each student receives a unique question by including variables enclosed with curly braces that randomly generate scientific notations within the problem.

Required: points, difficulty (1-5), question text, formula, significant figures number (1-7), tolerance values (to determine required accuracy), evaluation options (case insensitive, case sensitive, regular expression), # of variables, variable values (name, min X x10^Y, max X x10^Y, step X x10^Y)

Optional: title, image, description, deduct X% of points for incorrect significant figures, units, worth % of points, question hint, question feedback

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Likert questions measure responses on a scale. This can be subjective information such as opinions or skill level. You can use this type of question to measure intensity of sentiment toward statements.

Likert questions are not currently an option in the Quizzes tool. However, you can use the Survey tool to gather responses to this type of question.

Required: introductory text, scale type, # of questions, question text

Optional: title, image, image description, include n/a option on scale, question feedback

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You can create a text information item if you want to provide supplementary information that relates to several questions. It is useful to create text information if you have several questions that need to reference the same passage and you want to avoid repeating the same text for each question.

For example, you may have a case study that you want to use as the basis for several questions. Instead of inserting the case study into each question, you can create a text information item and have related questions appear directly underneath it.

Required: question text (with options for formatting, inserting images, etc)

Optional: title

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You can create an image information item if you want to provide supplementary information that relates to several questions. It is useful to have an image information item if you have several questions that need to reference the same photo or diagram, and you want to avoid repeating the same image file for each question.

For example, you may have a photo of a situation that you want to use as the basis for several questions. Instead of inserting the photo into each question, you can create an image information item and have related questions appear directly underneath it.

Required: image, caption

Optional: title, image description

  1. Find the Quizzes tool by clicking on Assessment > Quizzes in the top nav.
  1. Click on Question Library.
  1. From the Question Library page, click New > Section.

    While Sections are not necessary, they are a great tool for organizing questions and make placing questions into a quiz much more efficient. If you want to create random sections in your quiz, then creating a section in the Question Library is a good step.
  1. Name your section and add an (optional) description of the section.
  2. Click Save.
  1. Back on the Question Library page, open the section you just created.

    From here, you add new questions by clicking New and selecting the type of question you will add. Keep in mind, if you are creating this section for a random section in a quiz, the types of questions should be similar and of similar difficulty (since D2L will pull x number of questions from the section randomly).

    Follow our instructions for creating new questions

    You can also import questions from an existing quiz by clicking Import.


    Note
    : Questions cannot be imported from a random section already created in a quiz.


    When you're done adding your questions, click Done Editing Questions.

It is a good idea to create or save all quiz questions within the Question Library. This enables you to reuse questions in various quizzes, surveys, and self assessments.

To create a question in the Question Library, see the steps above.

To save a previously created question in the Question Library, follow the following steps:

  1. From the Quizzes page (Assessment > Quizzes), select Question Library.
Import questions
  1. Click Import to copy questions into the main folder of the Question Library. If you wish to import questions into a particular section within the Question Library, click on that section name, and then click Import.
  1. Select the Import Source: From an Existing Collection
  2. Choose the appropriate quiz from the dropdown menu.
  3. Choose Collection Root from the Source Section
  4. Check off the questions you want to save.
  5. Click Save.

The questions will appear at the bottom of the list of questions in the Question Library. If desired, you can use the commands above the list to move, edit or change the order of the items.