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Enrolment and Records

GPA Calculation

A cumulative grade point average is calculated as an indicator of overall academic performance in a program and is used as a criterion for graduation requirements, for honours graduation or other academic distinctions, and for determining academic standing during study in a program.

How to Calculate Your Grade Point Average

  1. Take the grade points for each grade received at Ryerson (except for first attempts at courses you have repeated) and multiply each by its course weight (eg. a "C" in a course with a weight of one is 2.00, a "C" in a course with a weight of two is 4.00 - see the table below) and add the products.
  2. Add together the course weight for each of the courses taken, except for first attempts of courses you have repeated.
  3. Divide the total grade points by the total course weights and that is your grade point average.

Sample GPA Calculation

Course Course Weight My Grade Grade Points Grade Points x Weight CGPA
Course A 1.00 A- 3.67 3.67  
Course B 1.00 B 3.00 3.00
Course C 1.00 C 2.00 2.00
Course D 2.00 B+ 3.33 6.66
Course E 1.00 A- 3.67 3.67
Course F 1.00 B- 2.67 2.67
TOTAL 7.00   21.67 3.10

21.67 รท 7.00 = 3.10


  • Courses completed prior to formal program admission will not be included in the calculation of cumulative grade point averages.

  • For purposes of calculating grade point averages, courses of one term and two terms in duration will be given weights of 1 and 2 respectively, with provision for variation in this norm under exceptional circumstances.

  • The grade point average is calculated as the sum of the products of course weights and earned grade points, divided by the sum of the course weights, and rounded up to the next higher second decimal place.

  • The following course performance designations are not included in calculating the grade point average: AEG, AUD, CNC, CHG, CRT, DEF, EXN, INC, INP, GNR, NSC and PSD.

  • The designation F-S is included in the grade point average at zero grade points (like an F grade) as an interim failure until a final grade is assigned.

  • The designation FNA is included in the grade point average at zero grade points and counts as a failure when academic standings are assigned.

  • The grade earned for a repeated course is used to replace the previous grade in calculating subsequent grade point averages even if the later grade is lower, however both attempts will be recorded on the transcript. If at least one of the course attempts results in a passing grade, the course will count towards graduation requirements irrespective of the sequence of grades earned. No courses can be repeated more than twice.

  • An initial grade point average and academic standing are not calculated until the student has received three or more course grades.

  • The cumulative grade point average is calculated at the end of each academic term for which additional course grades have been recorded on the student's academic record. It is calculated using Ryerson course grades in the program in which the student is registered.


A GPA Adjustment allows you to request a course or courses to be excluded from your cumulative grade point average (CGPA) for your current program of study. The excluded courses will not be removed from your academic record and transcript.

Note icon

TIP: A GPA adjustment may or may not improve your overall CGPA, depending on the grade you are replacing and the grade you will obtain in the newer course.

Only the CGPA calculated after the term to which you are applying the adjustment will be considered for adjustment. You must request a GPA adjustment by the deadline during the term in which you are taking the course. See the current Undergraduate Calendar for the deadline to submit your GPA Adjustment Request Form.

Academic Standings and CGPAs from previous terms will not be considered or adjusted.

A GPA adjustment may occur under one of the following conditions:

  1. Course Replacement: Permits you to use a currently-enrolled course to replace, for GPA purposes only, a previously graded Professional, Professionally-Related, Liberal Studies course, or a course within a Required Group. Both courses must belong to the same group or table. For example, you have decided to upgrade a course within an elective table, but you take another course within the same table instead of the original course. NOTE: Ryerson will not automatically know that the second course is meant to act as an adjustment unless you submit the GPA Adjustment Request Form.
  2. Course Exclusion: Permits you to request that a certain course be excluded from your CGPA calculation. For example, if a course is a general-interest course that is not applicable to your program of study; OR if the course is an extra course that was taken after having completed your program requirements for that table or group.  Use your advisement report available in RAMSS to confirm that the course is not applicable or is not being used towards to your program requirements. It is advisable you consult with your program Department/School to discuss how this will affect your GPA and academic standing.

How to request a GPA Adjustment:

Before submitting your Form, consult with your Department/School if you have questions about the impact of a GPA adjustment on your academic record.

You must request a GPA adjustment by submitting a GPA Adjustment Request Form no later than the deadline published online in the current calendar for the term in which the GPA Adjustment will apply ( Forms received after the published deadline will not be considered. 

The GPA Adjustment Form must be submitted in person at the ServiceHub (POD-150) Document Counter. There is no fee for requesting a GPA adjustment.

Processing Timelines

You will receive an email confirming receipt of your GPA adjustment request within a few weeks of the deadline date. During the term, you will also be informed via email if your request has been approved or denied.

GPA Adjustment Forms are processed after the official grades appear on RAMSS for the respective term (grades are recorded in RAMSS approximately two weeks after the end of term). Processing your approved GPA adjustment may take up to 30 days from the official grade release date for the term. Check your unofficial transcript and/or your Advisement Report in RAMSS for any updates.