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Ivor Shapiro

Title:

Chair

Education:

M.A., University of Cape Town, 1987; Hons. B.Th., University of South Africa, 1981; B.Th., University of South Africa, 1979

Office:

RCC151

Telephone:

416-979-5319

Biography:

Associate Professor Ivor Shapiro teaches ethics and feature reporting and conducts research into aspects of ethics and excellence in journalism. He chairs the ethics advisory committee of the Canadian Association of Journalism, and was the founding editor of the Canadian Journalism Project (J-Source.ca), a national website providing information, commentary and resources related to the achievement of, and challenges to, journalistic excellence.

Born and raised in South Africa, Shapiro immigrated to Canada in 1985. He is a former contributing editor of Saturday Night magazine and managing editor of Chatelaine magazine. He has written feature articles for those magazines as well as Toronto Life, The Walrus, Maclean's, Today's Parent and The Globe and Mail's Report on Business Magazine, among others. Ivor has been honoured six times at the National Magazine Awards and has been a finalist for a Canadian Association of Journalists award for investigative journalism. His first book of literary journalism, What God Allows: The Crisis of Faith and Conscience in One Catholic Church (Doubleday, New York: 1996), was praised by critics in Canada as well as the U.S. Shapiro's magazine writing has been chosen for several anthologies, and he is the editor of The The Bigger Picture: Elements of Feature Writing (Emond Montgomery Press, 2008). His academic research has been published in Journalism Practice, Canadian Journal of Communication, and Newspaper Research Journal. 

Research Interests:

  • Journalists' professional identity and norms of practice
  • Interviewing and sourcing issues in journalism
  • Standards of care and ethics in journalism

Current Courses:

JN 8107 - Standards of Journalists' Care

JRN 850 - Internship

Professional Affiliations:

  • Founding Editor, the Canadian Journalism Project (J-Source.ca)
  • Chair, Ethics Advisory Committee, Canadian Association of Journalists
  • Member: Writer’s Union of Canada
  • Member: Association of Educators in Journalism and Mass Communications
  • Member: International Communications Association.

Selected Publications & Presentations:

Books authored

Shapiro, Ivor: What God Allows: The Crisis of Faith and Conscience in One Catholic Church (Doubleday, New York, April 1996) 15/5 (October 2014), p. 555-565.

Books edited

Shapiro, Ivor: The Bigger Picture: Elements of Feature Writing. (Emond Montgomery Publications, Toronto, August 2009)

Chapters in books

Shapiro, Ivor: “Toward an international perspective on media accountability.” In La regulation du travail journalistique dans dix pays, dont le Canada, ed. Daniel Giroux & Pierre Trudel (Centre d’études sur les media, Sainte-Foy, Québec, May 2014)

Shapiro, Ivor: “What’s a good story? Recognizing quality in journalists’ work.” In The New Journalist: Roles, Skills, and Critical Thinking ed. Paul Benedetti, Tim Currie & Kim Kierans (Emond Montgomery, Toronto, 2010)

Papers in refereed journals

[R] Shapiro, Ivor: “Why democracies need a functional definition of journalism now more than ever.” Journalism Studies. 15/5 (October 2014), p. 555-565.  

[R] Shapiro, Ivor, Colette Brin, Isabelle Bédard-Brûlé, and Kasia Mychajlowycz. "Verification as a Strategic Ritual." Journalism Practice 7/6 (December 2013) p. 657-673.

[R] Gladney, George Albert; Ivor Shapiro; Regan Ray. "Reasons for Veiled Sources Spike After 2004 Scandals." Newspaper Research Journal 34/2 (Spring 2013): 36-49.

[R] Shapiro, Ivor: "Evaluating Journalism: Towards an assessment framework for the practice of journalism." Journalism Practice 4/2 (April 2010).

Shapiro, Ivor: "Synthesis Essay: The Ethical Textbook"  Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly 87/2 (Summer 2010)  p. 416-420.

[R] Gladney, George Albert; Shapiro, Ivor; Castaldo, Joseph: 2006, “Online News People’s Ratings of 38 Criteria of Quality of News Web Sites.” Newspaper Research Journal 28/1 (Winter 2007).

Shapiro, Ivor: “Why They Lie: Probing The Explanations For Journalistic Cheating.” [Review Essay] Canadian Journal of Communication 31/1 (January 2006).

[R] Shapiro, Ivor; Albanese, Patrizia; Doyle, Leigh: “What makes journalism ‘excellent’? Criteria identified by judges in two leading awards programs.” Canadian Journal of Communication 31/2 (June 2006)

Book reviews:

Shapiro, Ivor. “The New Ethics of Journalism: Principles for the 21st Century” (book review). Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 91(2), 406–408 (2014).

Shapiro, Ivor: “The Future of Journalism: Developments and Debates” (book review), Digital Journalism 2014. DOI: 10.1080/21670811.2014.895499.

Shapiro, Ivor: "The Big Picture: Why Democracies Need Journalistic Excellence" (book review), Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, vol. 85, no. 2, pp. 445-447 (2008)

Papers in refereed conference proceedings

[R] Marshall, Lee; Brin, Colette; Shapiro, Ivor; Spoel, Philippa: “Spatial, Temporal and Visual Language in Journalists’ Accounts of the Professional Practice of Verification.” Transformations at the Edge: Writing Research, Discourse, and Pedagogy: Proceedings of the Fifth Annual Conference Canadian Association for the Study of Discourse and Writing, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, Canada, June 1-3, 2013. http://casdwacr.wordpress.com/

[R] Taylor, Lisa; Shapiro, Ivor; Tubb, Edward: “Toward Press Council 2.0: An international review of models of, and alternatives to, the traditional press council.” Proceedings of the Journalism Interest Group, Canadian Communication Association, Waterloo, ON, May 31, 2012. http://cca.kingsjournalism.com/?p=175

[R] Maguire, Miles; Shapiro, Ivor:  “Journalists’ values and customers’ needs: Who defines quality?” Proceedings of the Journalism Interest Group of the Canadian Communication Association. Fredericton , June 2011. http://cca.kingsjournalism.com/?p=117

[R] Bédard-Brûlé, Isabelle; Mychajlowycz, Kasia; Brin, Colette; Shapiro, Ivor: “Discours et pratiques de vérification chez les journalistes primes.” Proceedings of the Journalism Interest Group of the Canadian Communication Association. Fredericton , June 2011. http://cca.kingsjournalism.com/?p=121

Major invited contributions and/or technical reports

Shapiro, Ivor; Marc-François Bernier, and Shauna Snow-Capparelli: “How close is too close? Conflicts of interest in journalists’ relationships with sources. A report of the Ethics Advisory Committee of The Canadian Association of Journalists.” June, 2014.

Shapiro, Ivor: “Notes de clôture du Séminaire international sur l’autorégulation des médias.” (Closing keynote for International Seminar on Press Accountability Centre d’études sur les medias, Montreal, November 2, 2012.) Published in CPQ Magazine by Press Council of Quebec, November 23, 2012. (http://conseildepresse.qc.ca/actualites/chroniques/notes-de-cloture-du-seminaire-international-sur-lautoregulation-des-medias/)

Shapiro, Ivor; Taylor, Lisa; Tubb, Edward: “Press councils in Canada: Models of practice and prospects for alternatives. Preliminary Report.” Ryerson Journalism Research Centre/Newspapers Canada, October 16, 2012.

Brethour, Patrick; Currie, Tim; Levine, Meredith; Monk, Connie; Shapiro, Ivor: “What is Journalism? A report of the Ethics Advisory Committee of The Canadian Association of Journalists.” Canadian Association of Journalists, June 5, 2012.  

Shapiro, Ivor: “Journalism education: ten gulfs in perspective.” Keynote Address: Atlantic Journalism Awards Conference, Fredericton, NB, May 5, 2012.

Shapiro, Ivor: “Who is a journalist? Who decides?” Presentation to Conference, “In the Public Interest: The Law and Ethics of Investigative Journalism.” Osgoode Hall Law School, York University, October 14, 2011.

Regan, Ken; Shapiro, Ivor; White, Scott:  “Journalists Seeking Public Office: What Are the Ethical Issues? A Report of the Ethics Advisory Committee of The Canadian Association of Journalists.”  Canadian Association of Journalists, October 27, 2010.

Faber, Ethan; Zaman, Sadia; Shapiro, Ivor: “News blackouts: A Report of the Ethics Advisory Committee of The Canadian Association of Journalists.” Canadian Association of Journalists, November 30, 2009.

Shapiro, Ivor, et. al.: “Protection of sources and shield laws: briefing by the ethics committee.” Canadian Association of Journalists, November 10, 2009.

Abstracts and/or papers read

Shapiro, Ivor: “Beyond denial: toward a new paradigm for journalism education.” Toward 2020: New Directions for Journalism Education Conference, Ryerson Journalism Research Centre, Toronto, May 31, 2014.

Shapiro, Ivor: “Independence as a defining functional characteristic of journalism.” Canadian Communication Association, St Catharines, Ontario, May 28, 2014.

[R] Shapiro, Ivor: “Why democracies need a functional definition of journalism now more than ever.” Future of Journalism Conference, Cardiff University, September 12, 2013.

[R] Shapiro, Ivor; Brin, Colette; Marshall, Lee; Spoel, Philippa: “Verification as a battle for professional survival: analyzing journalists' discourse on a core aspect of identity in a time of crisis.” International Association for Media and Communication Research, Dublin, June 28, 2013.

[R] Marshall, Lee; Brin, Colette; Shapiro, Ivor; Spoel, Philippa: “Spatial, Temporal and Visual Language in Journalists’ Accounts of the Professional Practice of Verification.” Canadian Association for the Study of Discourse and Writing, Victoria, BC, June 2, 2013.

[R] Brin, Colette; Shapiro, Ivor: “Accuracy as a norm of compromise: how journalists conceptualize and practise the ideal of verification.” International Conference on Journalism Studies, Santiago, Chile, June 28, 2012.

[R] Shapiro, Ivor; Busta, Shannon:  “Dilemmas, or what? What a class of ethics students found when asking journalists about the ethical dilemmas they encounter.” Canadian Communication Association, Waterloo, ON, May 31, 2012.

[R] Bédard-Brûlé, Isabelle; Brin, Colette; Shapiro, Ivor; Mychajlowycz, Kasia: “Is one source enough? Verification in Canadian newspapers.” Canadian Communication Association, Waterloo, ON, May 31, 2012.

[R] Maguire, Miles and Shapiro, Ivor:  “Journalists' values and customers' needs: Who defines quality?” Canadian Communication Association, Fredericton, N.B. June 2, 2011

[R] Shapiro, Ivor and Maguire, Miles: “The rhetoric of quality: comparing the evaluative discourse of journalists and manufacturers.” Canadian Society for the Study of Rhetoric, Fredericton, May 30, 2011.

[R] Shapiro, Ivor and Brin, Colette: "The essence of journalism 
is a discipline of verification..." 
or is it? 
A preliminary report on quantitative content analysis 
as an approach to identifying journalists' practices 
in assuring accuracy. Canadian Communication Association. Montreal: June 2nd, 2010.

[R] Shapiro, Ivor: "Good Story"—But How Good? Notes Toward a Rhetoric of Journalism. Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC), Media Ethics Division. Chicago: August 7, 2008

Shapiro, Ivor: “Where do journalism scholars belong?” Canadian Communication Association (panel on formation of journalism studies group), June 4, 2008.

[R] Gladney, George Albert; Shapiro, Ivor; Castaldo, Joseph:  2006, “New Media, Familiar Standards: How Online News People Rate 38 Criteria of Quality for News Web Sites.” Paper for Association for  Education in Journalism and Mass Communication, San Francisco, August 5, 2006.

Shapiro, Ivor: “Journalists don’t cheat, except when they do.” Panel presentation to Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication, San Francisco, August 2, 2006.

[R] Shapiro, Ivor; Albanese, Patrizia; Doyle, Leigh: “Judging Journalism: What criteria affect the determination of excellence by judges in journalism awards programs?” Paper for Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication, San Antonio, Texas, August 11, 2005.

Shapiro, Ivor: “The Judges Speak: Highlights From A Survey Of Judges In Journalism Awards Programs.” Presentation to Canadian Magazine Publishers Association “Magazines University” conference, Toronto, Ontario, June 8, 2005.

Shapiro, Ivor: “What Is “Best” In Journalism? How Excellence Is Defined By Judges In National Journalism Awards Programs: Preliminary Findings From A Canadian Survey.” Paper for Best Australian Journalism of the 20th Century Conference, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology, Melbourne, Australia, November 26, 2004.

Others


WORKS OF JOURNALISM AND COMMENTARY (selected)

Shapiro, Ivor: “Video, shmideo: reporting is about telling what you see and hear.” J-Source: The Canadian Journalism Project http://j-source.ca/article/opinion-video-shmideo-reporting-about-telling-what-you-see-and-hear published May 25, 2013

Shapiro, Ivor: “'We wuz robbed' journalism and the more even-handed examples.” J-Source: The Canadian Journalism Project http://j-source.ca/article/we-wuz-robbed-journalism-and-more-even-handed-examples published Aug 9, 2012

Shapiro, Ivor: “‘We-wuz-robbed’ journalism not good enough after Olympic soccer drama” J-Source: The Canadian Journalism Project http://j-source.ca/article/%E2%80%98we-wuz-robbed%E2%80%99-journalism-not-good-enough-after-olympic-soccer-drama published Aug 6, 2012.

Shapiro, Ivor: “Press Freedom: Who gives a damn, anyway?” J-Source: The Canadian Journalism Project (http://j-source.ca/article/press-freedom-who-gives-damn-anyway) published Feb 29, 2012.

Shapiro, Ivor: “A guide, not a cop: the CAJ's new ethics "code" (and why it's not called that).” J-Source: The Canadian Journalism Project (http://j-source.ca/article/guide-not-cop-cajs-new-ethics-code-and-why-its-not-called) published September 20, 2011.

Shapiro, Ivor: “Commenting on the dead: all in the timing?” J-Source: The Canadian Journalism Project (http://j-source.ca/article/commenting-dead-all-timing), published Aug. 24, 2011.

Shapiro, Ivor: "Memo to j-boomers: times change." J-Source: The Canadian Journalism Project (http://www.j-source.ca/english_new/detail.php?id=4563, published December 8, 2009.

Shapiro, Ivor: "So, how’d we do this time?" (Coverage of the Canadian federal election, 2008) J-Source: The Canadian Journalism Project (http://www.j-source.ca/english_new/detail.php?id=2888, published October 14, 2008.

Shapiro, Ivor: " Where's that pesky free-speech line?" J-Source: The Canadian Journalism Project (http://www.j-source.ca/english_new/detail.php?id=2146, published February 15, 2008)

Shapiro, Ivor: “Life, At What Price?” The Walrus, November 2004. (http://walrusmagazine.com/article.php?ref=2004.11-ideas-health-care-system-in-canada&page=)

Other:

Twitter: @ivorshap