T-test for PAIRED DATA

BUT in many cases the data are "paired" between the two
groups:

With MUCH less random error! (The denominator of the
t-value)

**ON THE FACE OF THE INFORMATION GIVEN, IT SEEMS
APPROPRIATE ****TO ANALYZE WITH A T-TEST FOR
UNPAIRED DATA. BUT IF IT IS LEARNED THAT THE DATA ARE FROM *FIVE* PEOPLE,
IN A PRE- AND POST DESIGN, THEN A PAIRED ANALYSIS WOULD BE APPROPRIATE.
YOU DO NOT HAVE THE CHOICE. "PAIRED" DATA REQUIRED PAIR T-TEST.
OTHERWISE THE UNPAIRED T-TEST MUST BE USED. HOWEVER, HERE ARE BOTH
METHODS APPLIED TO THE SAME SET OF DATA FOR ANALYSIS. **

**Here you can see the effect of the paired analysis.
The actual differences between pre- and post (whichever way you calculated it)
was the same: 1.94. The denominator was very large in the UNpaired test
but very small in the paired test, resulting in the different t values.
The large SE of the mean in the UNpaired was due to the large amount of
variation between the members of each group, but in the paired test, that
variation was eliminated. **