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  • ENH 121 - Environmental Health Law
    Introduction to law for the first year student in Public Health or Occupational Health and Safety (OHS). The constitutional bases for regulating environmental, public health and occupational hazards are discussed. Regulatory, criminal and common law proceedings are examined. There is particular emphasis on examples involving environmental and occupational hazards. Public health, OHS and environmental protection statutes are introduced as a foundation for further course work.
    Weekly Contact: Lecture: 3 hrs.
    GPA weight: 1.00
    Billing Units: 1
    Count: 1.00
  • ENH 122 - Epidemiology
    This course introduces the student to epidemiology. In addition to a strong focus on communicable disease control, epidemiology also addresses non-communicable diseases, and the prevention of accidents, injuries, and deaths in the community and in workplaces. Methods, definitions, terminology, rates, classification of diseases, and investigation techniques are presented, as well as numerous case studies and examples taken from the field to illustrate principles of surveillance and containment.
    Weekly Contact: Lecture: 3 hrs.
    GPA weight: 1.00
    Billing Units: 1
    Count: 1.00
  • ENH 220 - Pathophysiology
    A survey of the activities of the major systems of the body, with particular reference to the target organs of occupational and environmental toxins, parasitic and infectious diseases. Symptomatology, communicability and the body's response to disease entities are examined from the viewpoint of disease control in the community. Workplace physiology, as a foundation for ergonomics and occupational hygiene, will be introduced.
    Weekly Contact: Lecture: 3 hrs.
    GPA weight: 1.00
    Billing Units: 1
    Count: 1.00
  • ENH 222 - Foundations of Aetiology
    This is a foundation course to the study of epidemiology, which itself is the core science of occupational and public health. The course will provide the framework required for upper level courses in communicable disease control, infection control and food hygiene. Lectures will cover the concepts underlying food and water quality control and the development and control of communicable and occupational diseases in human populations. Laboratory exercises will enable students to understand the methods used by public health and occupational health laboratories to evaluate food, water, environmental and clinical specimens, and to interpret laboratory reports.
    Weekly Contact: Lecture: 3 hrs. Lab: 2 hrs.
    GPA weight: 1.00
    Billing Units: 1
    Count: 1.00
  • ENH 322 - Epidemiology: Communicable Diseases I
    This course examines the mechanisms by which micro-organisms cause disease and the techniques and substances used to induce artificial immunity. Some of the more frequently encountered or important bacterial, viral, rickettsial, and mold diseases are considered in depth, using recent Canadian reports where possible, to illustrate their behaviour in a susceptible population, and the methods by which they may be controlled. (Formerly the first half of ENH 344).
    Weekly Contact: Lecture: 3 hrs.
    GPA weight: 1.00
    Billing Units: 1
    Count: 1.00
    Prerequisites: (ENH 220 and ENH 222) or in OC005 or OC006
  • ENH 324 - Wastewater Treatment Systems
    This course is an introduction to wastewater treatment disposal from private dwellings as well as municipalities. Discussions include basic engineering principles in wastewater system design, specifying components, assessing installations and problem solving. Lectures are supplemented by field trips and demonstrations.
    Weekly Contact: Lecture: 3 hrs. Lab: 0.5 hrs.
    GPA weight: 1.00
    Billing Units: 1
    Count: 1.00
  • ENH 325 - Housing and Built Environments
    This course examines the health and safety issues associated with housing and other built environments. Topics include: living in substandard housing or being homeless, the role of local government in housing, reading and interpretation of residential blueprints, exterior and interior house construction, electrical, plumbing and heating systems, indoor air quality including radon gas CO and mould, structural pests, lead in the home environment, playground safety and housing for special interest groups.
    Weekly Contact: Lecture: 3 hrs.
    GPA weight: 1.00
    Billing Units: 1
    Count: 1.00
  • ENH 333 - Food Hygiene
    This course will introduce food microbiology, including factors affecting growth, intrinsic and extrinsic parameters, food preservation, processing and commodity microbiology. It will also examine current provincial legislation dealing with food and food premises. The provisions will be examined in detail, especially as they relate to the protection of foods. Particular emphasis will be applied to high-risk foods such as meat, milk, and dairy products.
    Weekly Contact: Lecture: 3 hrs. Lab: 0.5 hrs.
    GPA weight: 1.00
    Billing Units: 1
    Count: 1.00
  • ENH 422 - Epidemiology: Communicable Diseases II
    Continuation of ENH 322 (See description for ENH 322). Formerly second half of ENH 344.
    Weekly Contact: Lecture: 3 hrs.
    GPA weight: 1.00
    Billing Units: 1
    Count: 1.00
    Prerequisites: ENH 322
  • ENH 424 - Water Quality
    Introduction to water safety and control techniques. Ground water, private water supply, municipal water supply and recreational water use are considered in the context of the biological, chemical and physical hazards to health, as well as the monitoring and control actions required for ensuring their safety. Swimming pools are dealt with in detail.
    Weekly Contact: Lecture: 3 hrs. Lab: 0.5 hrs.
    GPA weight: 1.00
    Billing Units: 1
    Count: 1.00
  • ENH 429 - International Health
    This course is founded on the basic theories and practices of environmental health and uses them to explore selected topics in international health. Emphasis is placed on health work and epidemiology in cross- cultural and international situations.
    Weekly Contact: Lecture: 3 hrs.
    GPA weight: 1.00
    Billing Units: 1
    Count: 1.00
    Prerequisites: ENH 122
  • ENH 433 - Food Hygiene: Safe Food Handling
    This course deals with the examination and evaluation of foods, ingredients, processes and premises from a legislative and health risk viewpoint. Inspection techniques are discussed, as are the making of an appropriate report and recommendations based upon the Food Premises Regulations. The emphasis is upon recognition of hazardous elements and reduction or elimination of risks.
    Weekly Contact: Lecture: 3 hrs. Lab: 0.5 hrs.
    GPA weight: 1.00
    Billing Units: 1
    Count: 1.00
    Prerequisites: ENH 333
  • ENH 440 - Biostatistics

    This course undertakes an examination of introductory biostatistics, with particular reference to frameworks commonly used in health studies. Topics include: the normal distribution, random sampling, univariate values, t-tests, chi-square, Fisher's exact, three ANOVA models, simple regression and correlation.

    Weekly Contact: Lecture: 3 hrs.
    GPA weight: 1.00
    Billing Units: 1
    Count: 1.00
  • ENH 505 - Infection Control
    This course examines the role of health personnel in the control and elimination of health hazards in institutions. Infection control problems both medical and environmental will be investigated as well as the roles of the infection control officer and the public health inspector. Problems unique to hospitals, long-term care facilities, child-care centres, schools, and prisons will be discussed.
    Weekly Contact: Lecture: 3 hrs.
    GPA weight: 1.00
    Billing Units: 1
    Count: 1.00
    Prerequisites: ENH 322 or ENH 344 or in OC005 or OC006
  • ENH 522 - Research Methods
    This course continues the study of research and investigation in the health sciences. The design of studies, and methods used to control for selection bias are examined in detail. Survey research, from sample size determination to reporting results is explored using computer-based methods.
    Weekly Contact: Lecture: 3 hrs.
    GPA weight: 1.00
    Billing Units: 1
    Count: 1.00
    Prerequisites: ENH 122 or in OC005 or OC006
  • ENH 524 - Pollution and Waste Management
    This course will investigate the nature of pollution and the environmental public health concerns that arise from water, air, land and noise pollution. Topics will include various pollution control and abatement processes as well as contemporary technologies associated with pollution control and waste management, recovery, treatment, and disposal. This will include materials recovery from both aqueous and dry waste streams, as well as biological, physical and chemical treatments, thermal destruction processes and land disposal options.
    Weekly Contact: Lecture: 3 hrs.
    GPA weight: 1.00
    Billing Units: 1
    Count: 1.00
  • ENH 610 - Parasitology and Pest Control
    This course is a study of parasites, arthropods and rodents of public health significance. In the parasitology section, emphasis is on prevention and control of parasites through an understanding of their life cycles. The entomology and pest control sections prepare students to deal effectively with pest complaints from the public. Integrated pest management systems will also be covered.
    Weekly Contact: Lecture: 3 hrs. Lab: 1 hr.
    GPA weight: 1.00
    Billing Units: 1
    Count: 1.00
    Prerequisites: ENH 220
  • ENH 617 - Applied Ecology
    This course presents the study of theoretical and applied aspects of the ecological environment. Ecosystems and responses of ecosystems, populations and organisms to stresses placed on them by human activities are examined. The course covers the structural and functional relations in ecosystems, the nature of energy and nutrient cycles, and the behaviour of organisms in an ecosystem; competition, predation and mutualism. Applications of ecological principles to environmental health practice are discussed.
    Weekly Contact: Lecture: 3 hrs.
    GPA weight: 1.00
    Billing Units: 1
    Count: 1.00
    Antirequisites: PLG 240
  • ENH 66A/B - Field Project

    Students will prepare a proposal for a field project to be conducted in conjunction with a specified outside agency at a location off campus. On occasions these field projects will be conducted in conjunction with either a consulting health and safety professional or with a Ryerson faculty member.

    Weekly Contact: Lab: 3 hrs./3 hrs.
    GPA weight: 2.00
    Billing Units: 1/1
    Count: 2.00
    Consent: Departmental consent required
  • ENH 712 - Health Education
    This course introduces the determinants of health and adult learning styles as a background to developing effective adult education programs. Theories related to individual, group and community behaviour models are explored and analyzed. Students will learn about the important components of health education and apply these to an individual and group project. Classroom presentations allow the students to put these models into practice.
    Weekly Contact: Lecture: 3 hrs.
    GPA weight: 1.00
    Billing Units: 1
    Count: 1.00
  • ENH 721 - Public Health Law
    A final year course dealing with current issues in the regulation of environmental and public health hazards. Ontario and federal legislation is examined in detail. Issues include quarantine and disease control, chemical control law, food safety and tobacco control. The enforcement activities of public health inspectors are emphasized, such as ticketing, collecting evidence, laying charges and courtroom procedures.
    Weekly Contact: Lecture: 3 hrs.
    GPA weight: 1.00
    Billing Units: 1
    Count: 1.00
    Prerequisites: ENH 121
  • ENH 733 - Food Hygiene: Food Pathogens
    The major part of this course involves a detailed examination of food-borne bacterial and viral disease agents, their etiology and prevention. Case studies and current literature provide an up to the minute study of the disease entities that are acquired through the medium of food. Laboratory testing and interpretation of results in outbreak situations are also discussed. Students are required to complete a hands-on assignment using the HACCP technique.
    Weekly Contact: Lecture: 3 hrs.
    GPA weight: 1.00
    Billing Units: 1
    Count: 1.00
    Prerequisites: ENH 433
  • ENH 766 - Research Project I
    In Research Project I, students begin independent research on an occupational or public health topic by developing a research proposal. The proposal included identifying a research question, reviewing the existing literature on the topic, establishing a study design to answer the question, and indicating a method of analysis. The proposed research can be carried out as ENH 866, under the guidance of a faculty advisor in the Winter Term with approval of the Director.
    Weekly Contact: Lab: 3 hrs.
    GPA weight: 1.00
    Billing Units: 1
    Count: 1.00
    Prerequisites: ENH 440 and ENH 522
  • ENH 809 - Seminars
    Current issues in environmental health will be examined through presentations and student seminars. Presentations are made by environmental health professionals from the academic community, government, or the private sector. Student seminar sessions provide further opportunity to examine the issues in depth through independent research, student presentations and discussions. Each student is required to give a seminar on a topic selected from the scheduled list of topics.
    Weekly Contact: Lecture: 3 hrs.
    GPA weight: 1.00
    Billing Units: 1
    Count: 1.00
  • ENH 816 - Health Promotion: Planning and Evaluation
    This course reviews health promotion theory and principles. Local and international frameworks, issues and strategies related to health promotion are critically analyzed. Students will apply the process of program planning in the health promotion contact. Students will have opportunities to complete a community analysis, to develop a proposal for a comprehensive program for a selected community, and to critically analyze other health promotion programs. Guest speakers from the field will share current program initiatives.
    Weekly Contact: Lecture: 3 hrs.
    GPA weight: 1.00
    Billing Units: 1
    Count: 1.00
    Prerequisites: ENH 712
  • ENH 821 - Health Administration
    International, national, provincial and local health administrative structures are studied, as are responsibilities for administering programs. Basic models of administration are examined within the health setting, and attention is given to setting goals, mission statements and priorities. The planning and implementation of health programs is introduced, including the need for evaluative systems.
    Weekly Contact: Lecture: 3 hrs.
    GPA weight: 1.00
    Billing Units: 1
    Count: 1.00
  • ENH 825 - Risk Assessment
    This course examines the application of risk analysis and assessment in public/occupational health. Methods for estimating risks for environmental hazards, including hazardous and toxic materials, food additives, pesticide residues and risk generating facilities are introduced. The risk analysis includes risk identification, pathways analysis, exposure models and dose-response relationships. The course also reviews the process of risk perceptional and communication.
    Weekly Contact: Lecture: 3 hrs.
    GPA weight: 1.00
    Billing Units: 1
    Count: 1.00
  • ENH 866 - Research Project II
    Completion of the final year research project, and a continuation of ENH 766. Students will complete their research project under the guidance of a faculty advisor through a tutorial arrangement.
    Weekly Contact: Lab: 3 hrs.
    GPA weight: 1.00
    Billing Units: 1
    Count: 1.00
    Prerequisites: ENH 766
  • ENH 911 - Emergency Measures and Planning
    This course will examine the issues involved with the creation and the implementation of an emergency plan. Topics covered will include the various characteristics of an emergency, common features of emergency plans, the five phases of an emergency response, notification procedures, and the value of test exercises. The role of public health agencies will be reviewed in detail, including the establishment of an emergency site design, the provision of potable water and food, the designation of adequate shelter sites, methods to control waste, means for the population to maintain personal hygiene, pest control and disease surveillance. Case studies will be used to illustrate the importance of sound and comprehensive emergency planning.
    Weekly Contact: Lecture: 3 hrs.
    GPA weight: 1.00
    Billing Units: 1
    Count: 1.00