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The Geography Minor provides students with a set of courses to acquire a good understanding of the complex connections that human beings have with their natural and built environments. The Geography Minor adds breadth to students' program of study and enhances their career possibilities. In particular, the Geography Minor serves the needs of the students who wish to pursue a teaching profession with Geography as a second “teachable”, or who wish to gain a broader understanding of international, environmental, urban and Canadian Issues.

Administered by: Department of Geography and Environmental Studies

Exclusions: This minor is not available to students in the following programs:

Students may only pursue one of Geography or Geographic Analysis minor, double minors in Geography and Geographic Analysis will not be granted.


To receive this Minor, students must complete six (6) courses from the following curriculum:

One (1) of the following:

GEO 131 Energy, Earth and Ecosystems
GEO 151 Location, Location, Location

Plus two (2) of the following:

GEO 106 Geographies of Everyday Life
GEO 108 Geography of the Global Village
GEO 110 The Physical Environment
GEO 131 Energy, Earth and Ecosystems
GEO 151 Location, Location, Location
GEO 206 Regions, Nations and the Global Community
GEO 208 Geography of the Global Economy
GEO 210 Geography of Danger
GEO 231 Principles of Demography
GEO 312 Viva Las Vegas!
GEO 351 Internal Structure of the City
GEO 372 Global Shift in the 21st Century
GEO 581 GIS, Geographic Data and Mapping


Plus three (3) of the following:

GEO 505 Regional Analysis of Canada
GEO 507 Explorations of the Urban Environment
GEO 509 Food, Place and Identity
GEO 527 Inequalities in Urban Neighbourhoods
GEO 530 Urban Economic Geography
GEO 551 Urbanization and Regional Development
GEO 553 Studies in Rural Geography
GEO 605 The Geography of the Canadian North
GEO 607 Cities and the Canadian Economic Landscape
GEO 609 cyberspace@geography.ca
GEO 627 Accessibility of Urban Social Services
GEO 681 GIS and Geographic Analysis
GEO 691 Canadian Immigration: Patterns and Place
GEO 702 Technology and the Contemporary Environment
  (or GEO 703 Perspectives on Environmental Management)
GEO 716 Geographies of Health
GEO 793 The Geography of Toronto
GEO 802 The Geography of Recreation and Leisure
  (or GEO 803 Recreation and Tourism Analysis)
GEO 811 Global Environmental Issues

† If not previously taken for credit.


Please see Senate Policy 2, Section 7.4 for further information about Minors.