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Aerospace Engineering

Degree Awarded: Bachelor of Engineering (BEng)
Program Website:
Administered by: Department of Aerospace Engineering
Program Format: Full-time, four-year program.

The Aerospace Engineering BEng degree program is accredited by the Canadian Engineering Accreditation Board.

The aerospace industry encompasses a broad spectrum of technological activity in aviation and space transportation. This includes manufacturing and support operations related to airframes, propulsion systems, controls and avionics.

O.S.S.D. with six Grade 12 U/M courses including Grade 12 U courses in: English, Advanced Functions (MHF4U), Calculus and Vectors (MCV4U), Physics (SPH4U) and Chemistry (SCH4U).


  1. ENG4U/EAE4U is the preferred English.
  2. The grade(s) required in subject prerequisites (normally in the 70 percent range) will be determined subject to competition.
  3. Subject to competition, candidates may be required to present averages/grades above the minimum.  

The Aerospace Engineering program is comprehensive and prepares students for careers in this dynamic industry. The program includes directly related studies in aerodynamics, stress analysis and structural design, flight mechanics, stability and control, and aircraft performance, together with courses in the fields of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering.

The first year of study covers mathematics, basic sciences, computer programming and introductory courses in engineering. Second and third years include a wide range of aerospace and mechanical engineering courses together with courses in communications, advanced mathematics, electronics and electrical engineering. There is a strong emphasis on design and much of the analytical work is reinforced by computer and hardware laboratories. Studies in the humanities and social sciences complement the engineering courses and provide a rounded perspective.

Students are required to choose one of three streams in the sixth semester: Aircraft, Avionics, or Spacecraft. Also included in the fourth year is a capstone design course, a course in professional practice and a course which examines the impact of technology on society.

Transition Programs

First Year Transition Program: The objective of the first year transition program, opens in new window is to provide students, who may need more time to adapt to the demanding university curriculum, with an immediate opportunity to upgrade their Academic Standing.

In the second semester, Phase I of the transition program offers all first semester core courses: CHY 102, MTH 140, MTH 141, and PCS 211 in parallel with the second semester regular program courses. Students who have failed and/or are missing any one of these courses at the end of the first semester are required to upgrade their Academic Standing through enrolling in the transition program. During the condensed Spring semester (May-July) Phase II of the transition program offers all second semester core courses: AER 222, BME 100, CHE 200, CHY 211, CPS 125, CVL 207, ELE 202, MEC 222, MTH 240, MTL 200, and PCS 125. These courses represent a repeat of the second semester regular program courses that were not taken by students enrolled in Phase I of the transition program. These courses will be offered subject to adequate enrolment.

Second Year: The second year transition program is intended to help students who have failed or dropped the second year courses EES 512 or MTH 410 to stay in-phase with their classmates and still have a chance to be promoted to third year in the following academic year. This is accomplished by allowing such students to enrol in any of EES 512 or MTH 410 in a condensed Spring/Summer semester (May-July). These courses are offered in the Spring/Summer semester subject to adequate enrolment.

Early Intervention Program

Highly innovative and proactive retention strategies play an important role in helping students build the skills for success in a demanding engineering curriculum. Through the First-Year Engineering Office, opens in new window, the Faculty of Engineering and Architectural Science has incorporated the Early Intervention Program into the first-year engineering experience. At the semester's mid-point, students who are failing courses in their core curriculum are identified and encouraged to attend an interview with a member of our academic support team (Program Director/Academic Advisor and/or the Student Counsellor). Together, they discuss options to help reduce the chances of academic failure.

Writing Skills Resource Path

All new engineering students are automatically enrolled in CEN 199: Writing Skills.

CEN 199 is graded on a Pass/Fail basis, and is used to track the results of the Writing Skills Test (WST).

All students admitted into engineering are required to write the mandatory Writing Skills Test (WST) during Orientation Week. Students who pass the WST (by achieving a grade of ‘B' or higher) will receive a PASS in CEN 199 and therefore may enrol in the lower level liberal studies course of their choice (subject to availability).

Students who do not pass the WST will receive an INP (In Progress Grade) in CEN 199 and will be required to enrol in one of LNG 111, LNG 112, LNG 113, or LNG 121 as their first-year lower level liberal studies course. These courses, which count toward lower level liberal studies requirements, are writing-intensive humanities and social science courses designed to give students the opportunity to strengthen their foundations in communication. These students will then have three additional opportunities to write and pass the WST:

  • In May, following 2nd Semester.
  • During Orientation Week before 3rd Semester.
  • In May, following 4th Semester.

A PASS in CEN 199: Writing Skills is required to enrol in all third-year engineering courses. Students with a grade of INP in CEN 199 will not be allowed to enrol in any third-year engineering course.

Detailed information is available from the First-Year Engineering Office, opens in new window. Room ENG 377 Telephone: 416-979-5000 ext. 4261.

Optional Co-operative Internship Program

Third year students with CLEAR Academic Standing may opt to enrol in the Optional Co-operative Internship Program. If they are selected by one of the partner corporations, they spend a period of 12-16 months, from May to September of the following year, as engineering interns at the corresponding corporations. After the completion of the Co-operative Internship, students return to the academic program to complete their final year of studies. Enrolment in the Co-operative Internship extends the program length to five years.

Co-operative Internship students will be enrolled by the Department in the course WKT 89A/B Co-operative Internship Program during the academic year in which they work as interns. This course is graded on a pass/fail basis. Completion of the Co-operative Internship will be identified on the student's transcript as WKT 89A/B Co-operative Internship Program.

Optional Specialization in Engineering Innovation and Entrepreneurship (OS EIE)

This option provides students with a solid foundation in innovation and entrepreneurship theory as well as the immersive experience of advancing and shaping an idea into a business. The lecture courses cover principles of engineering economics, entrepreneurship and innovation management, and technology based new venture creation. The practicum will guide students through the process of identifying a new business concept, developing their technology, and preparing their business for market readiness. For eligibility, registration and course information see the Optional Specialization in Engineering Innovation and Entrepreneurship (OS EIE).

Optional Specialization in Management Sciences (OS MS)

Students can enrich their studies and hone their management skills with the Optional Specialization in Management Sciences. Courses within the optional specialization cover four major areas in management sciences: Strategic Engineering Management, Operations Management/Operations Research, Finance, and Organizational Behaviour. For eligibility, registration, and course information see Optional Specialization in Management Sciences (OS MS).

Engineering Transfer Credits

Applicants approved into an Engineering program cannot expect to receive any transfer credits in Engineering discipline or Engineering related discipline courses if their applicable post-secondary education was not completed at a program accredited by the Canadian Engineering Accreditation Board, external link, opens in new window (CEAB).

Core and professional engineering course transfer credits will ONLY be granted at the time of admission. An Offer of Admission will notify the applicant of transfer credit decision(s) subject to acceptance of their Offer.

Liberal studies discipline courses taken at CEAB accredited or non-accredited schools will be considered for either lower- or upper-level liberal studies transfer credit. College courses, in general, are not eligible for transfer credit except in the case of lower-level liberal studies courses.

Liberal Studies

Students must take two lower level liberal studies courses and two upper level liberal studies courses to graduate. Students must not choose courses that are restricted for their program or major.

Please refer to the liberal studies chapter of this calendar for more information on the Liberal Studies Policy. Further information on liberal studies can also be found at the Faculty of Arts' Liberal Studies website, opens in new window.

Table A - Lower Level Restrictions

Aerospace, Biomedical, Chemical, Civil, Computer, Electrical, Industrial, Mechanical, and Undeclared Engineering

ASC 120, BLG 181, BMS 150, CHY 182, CHY 183, ITM 277, MEC 110, PCS 111, PCS 181, PCS 182 and SCI courses are not available for credit.

Table B - Upper Level Restrictions

Aerospace, Biomedical, Chemical, Civil, Computer, Electrical, and Mechanical Engineering

BLG 599, BLG 699, BLG 850, CHY 583, CHY 599, CPS 650, MTH 511, MTH 599 and PCS 581 are not available for credit.


Students may pursue any Minor offered by Ryerson (with some exceptions). Please refer to the Minors chapter of this calendar for further information on individual Minor requirements and exclusions.

The G. Raymond Chang School of Continuing Education Certificates

Undergraduate students wishing to pursue a continuing education certificate program should be aware of possible program exclusions. Please refer to the Certificate Registration section of the Curriculum Advising website, opens in new window for complete details.

Accelerated Master of Applied Science (MASc) Pathway

The Accelerated Master of Applied Science (MASc) Pathway is open to undergraduate engineering students who have demonstrated academic excellence and/or research potential by the end of the third year of their undergraduate program. Students can enrol in a maximum of two graduate level courses in addition to their regular undergraduate course requirements in the final year of their undergraduate program and commence their Master’s research such that the MASc program can be completed in approximately one year. The Accelerated MASc Pathway does not change the degree requirements for the existing BEng or MASc programs. For more information about and application to this pathway, please contact the Associate Dean, Graduate Studies, Faculty of Engineering and Architectural Science.  

1st & 2nd Semester

Common to Aerospace, Biomedical, Chemical, Civil, Computer, Electrical, Industrial, and Mechanical Engineering Programs.

1st Semester


CEN 100 Introduction to Engineering
CEN 199* Writing Skills
CHY 102 General Chemistry
MTH 140 Calculus I
MTH 141 Linear Algebra
PCS 211 Physics: Mechanics

One course from Table A - Lower Level Liberal Studies.

2nd Semester


AER 222 Engineering Design and Graphical Communication
CPS 125 Digital Computation and Programming
ECN 801 Principles of Engineering Economics
MTH 240 Calculus II
MTL 200 Materials Science Fundamentals
PCS 125 Physics: Waves and Fields

* This course is graded in a pass/fail basis.


3rd & 4th Semester

3rd Semester


AER 309 Basic Thermodynamics
AER 316 Fluid Mechanics
AER 318 Dynamics
AER 320 Statics and Intro to Strength of Materials
CMN 432 Communication in the Engineering Professions
MTH 425 Differential Equations and Vector Calculus

4th Semester


AER 403 Mechanisms and Vibrations
AER 404 Intro to Aerospace Engineering Design
AER 416 Flight Mechanics
AER 423 Thermodynamics and Heat Transfer
EES 512 Electric Circuits
MTH 410 Statistics

NOTE: All required courses in 1st and 2nd semester are prerequisites to all required courses in 3rd & 4th Semester.


5th & 6th Semester

5th Semester


AER 504 Aerodynamics
AER 507 Materials and Manufacturing
AER 520 Stress Analysis
EES 612 Electric Machines and Actuators
MTH 510 Numerical Analysis

One course from Table A - Lower Level Liberal Studies.

6th Semester


AER 509 Control Systems
AER 606 Component Design and Material Selection
AER 615 Aircraft Performance
AER 621 Aerospace Structural Design
AER 622 Gas Dynamics

PROFESSIONAL: One course from the following. Students must complete the requirements for one of the following Streams:

Aircraft Stream

AER 626 Applied Finite Elements

Avionics Stream

EES 604 Electronics and Sensors

Spacecraft Stream

AER 627 Introduction to Space Robotics

All required courses in 1st and 2nd semester are prerequisites to all required courses in 5th & 6th Semester.

NOTE: Students who have a CLEAR Academic Standing after 6th semester may opt to enrol in the Co-operative Internship. Students will be enrolled in WKT 89A/B by the Department. WKT 89A/B is graded on a pass/fail basis.



7th & 8th Semester

7th Semester


AER 715 Avionics and Systems
AER 817 Systems Engineering

LIBERAL STUDIES: One course from the following:

ENG 503 Science Fiction
GEO 702 Technology and the Contemporary Environment
HST 701 Scientific Technology and Modern Society
PHL 709 Religion, Science and Philosophy
POL 507 Power, Change and Technology

PROFESSIONAL: Two courses from the following. Students must complete the requirements for the Stream chosen in 6th semester.

Aircraft Stream:

AER 716 Aircraft Stability and Control
AER 722 Aeroelasticity

Avionics Stream:

EES 508 Digital Systems
AER 716 Aircraft Stability and Control

Spacecraft Stream:

AER 721 Orbital Dynamics
AER 723 Introduction to Space Systems Design

8th Semester


AER 710 Propulsion
CEN 800 Law and Ethics in Engineering Practice

One course from Table B - Upper Level Liberal Studies.

PROFESSIONAL†: One course from the following:

AER 818 Manufacturing Management
AER 821 Spacecraft Attitude Dynamics and Control
AER 827 Composite Materials
AER 870 Aerospace Engineering Thesis

PROFESSIONAL: One from the following Streams. Students must complete the requirements of the Stream chosen previously.

Aircraft Stream:

AER 814 Aircraft Design Project

Avionics Stream:

AER 822 Avionics Design Project

Spacecraft Stream:

AER 813 Space Systems Design Project

NOTE: All required courses in 1st through 4th semester are prerequisites to all required courses in 7th & 8th Semester.

† Not every course will be offered every semester.

In addition to the general criteria used to determine Academic Standing, students in this
program must also meet the following conditions:

All students in undergraduate Engineering programs have an additional condition for Clear
academic standing. In addition to students needing a cumulative grade point average
(CGPA) of 1.67 or higher, students also need to have a term grade point average (TGPA)
of 1.33 or higher, based on at least two reported grades for that term (not including Pass,
DEF, INP or AEG grades). Students who have a TGPA less than 1.33 will be given
PROBATIONARY Academic Standing. Students with only one reported grade for that
term will be evaluated based on CGPA only.

Students with a cumulative grade point average (CGPA) less than 1.67 will be assigned a
Probationary or Required to Withdraw (RTW) standing. See Academic Standings for
information about the process and consequences.

A Program Advisory Council (PAC) is a group of volunteers that provides expert advice to a school or department on program related matters such as curriculum, program review, technology and trends in the industry, discipline or profession. For more information, see PDF fileSenate Policy #158 (Program Advisory Councils).

Phil Arthurs
Director of Operations
Downsview Aerospace Innovation and Research (DAIR) Hub

Gary Ataman
Product Improvement Manager, Engineering

Safran Landing Systems

Anthony Burgess

TDM Technical Services

Jeffrey Dunning 
Associate Director, Development Engineering
Pratt & Whitney Canada

V-Bond Lee

Advanced Mobility Products Inc.

Alex Tsoulis
Senior Advisor - Business Development & Advanced Technologies
MHI Canada Aerospace Inc.

Paul Vanderpol
Technical Fellow - Structures

Collins Aerospace - Landing Systems

Todd Young
Senior Advisor to the Executive Chairman

De Havilland Aircraft of Canada Limited