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View and grade quiz attempts

Manual vs. automatic grading

With D2L, it is possible to set up quizzes that grade automatically, but there are cases when you may need to manually grade a student's quiz attempt.

Some of the reasons include:

  • the inclusion of a question that cannot be automatically graded (such as essay-style questions)
  • the instructor prefers to manually check each quiz to confirm the grade and manually publish the results
  • the instructor needs to re-grade a question that had an error in the question text or settings

Start by creating a quiz!

  1. Click Grade from the context menu of the quiz you want to grade.
  1. In either the Users or the Attempts tab, click on the quiz attempt you want to grade.

    The evaluation screen will load in full-screen mode (without the D2L navigation), to give you more space to see the student's quiz attempt.

3. If you wish to provide written feedback to your student for this quiz, you can type any comments into the Attempt Feedback field.

4. Some questions, like True/False or Multiple Choice, will be auto-scored based on the values assigned to the answers when creating the quiz. If necessary, you can manually override the scores.

5. Other questions, like Written Response, are not auto-scored and need manual score input. Review the student's response, and then enter the score into the Score field for that question.

6. If the quiz has questions that have been auto-graded, and published, and you have then manually graded any questions or added feedback, click on Update to publish updated information, or Retract to unpublish any previous results.

If the quiz has not been auto-graded or published previously, you can click on Save Draft to save any grading/feedback you have completed, or Publish to push any grades and feedback to the gradebook.

  1. Click Grade from the context menu of the quiz you want to grade.
  1. In the Questions tab, select the appropriate marking option:

    Grade Individual Responses enables you to grade a quiz one question at a time. This means you can grade and leave feedback for all responses to each question before moving onto the next question. There are two additional options available in this view:

     

    • Blind Marking: Student information does not appear alongside responses and responses display in a shuffled order. This aids in preventing unintentional bias during marking.
    • View Graded Responses Previously-graded responses appear as part of the response queue.

     

    Update All Attempts allows you to leave identical feedback for all responses to a selected question and assign all users the same grade for the question. For example, if your question contained an error, you could send a correction comment to all respondents and give everyone who attempted the question full marks.

Why would I view a quiz attempt in progress?

This is often a tool we use when troubleshooting issues that come up during or after the quiz.

  • The student may contact you describing problems during the exam.
  • The student's quiz attempt may not appear in the list of completed quiz attempts.

These steps will allow you to find an attempt that was started but not completed - if one exists.

You may then choose to submit the student's attempt on their behalf so that it may be graded.

Why would a student's quiz attempt still be 'in progress' after the quiz is over?

It's possible the quiz attempt was completed, but not fully submitted.

Occasionally, a student may experience a problem if they:

  • Neglect to submit their quiz once they've finished answering questions.
  • Accidentally exit a quiz or close their browser.
  • Experience a browser or computer crash.
 

To locate a quiz attempt in-progress:

1. Click Grade from the context menu of the quiz you want to grade.

1. You need to filter the quiz attempts to see the users who have started, but not submitted their quiz. Under "Restrict to", choose Users with attempts in progress.

2. Click on the magnifying glass to update your view.

3. If there are any, you will now see a list of quiz attempts that were not submitted.

It is not possible for you to grade (or autograde) a quiz attempt that has not been submitted, so you will need to enter the quiz attempt on the student's behalf, and submit it.

Please note that if the student did not save their answers while completing the quiz, those answers will not be saved in the attempt.

Click on the icon to the right of the quiz attempt, to Enter Quiz as User. The quiz-in-progress will load in full-screen mode, without the D2L navigation.

4. You can now see the first screen of the student's quiz attempt. You can page through to see the student's answers, if you wish.

To submit the quiz attempt, so that it can be graded, scroll to the bottom of the page, and click on Go to Submit Quiz.

5. Click on Submit Quiz.

You will now see the list of users with attempts in progress again. Repeat the process for each unsubmitted quiz attempt.

Once you have done this for all unsubmitted quiz attempts, if your quiz is autograded, those attempts will be graded. If you need to manually grade the quiz, see the instructions above these, if needed.

The settings to push the quiz grade into the gradebook can be found in the "Asssessment" tab of the quiz editor.

These settings are only recommended for quizzes that are automatically graded by Brightspace. If your quiz contains any Written Response questions, instructor intervention is required before the quiz is fully graded. 

These settings should be applied before the students begin the quiz. 

Before you begin

Make sure you have created the grade item (column) for the quiz in the gradebook.

We recommend hiding the grade item from the students, until you are ready to release the grades to all of the students.

Return to the quiz editor to associate the grade item to the quiz and enable the settings that will push the grade from the quiz to the grade item once it has been graded.

Click 'New Quiz' button

Associate the quiz with a grade item (column)

  1. In the quiz, go to the "Assessment" tab of the quiz editor.
  2. Look for the "Grade item" dropdown menu, then select the grade item (column) for this particular quiz.

Once the grade item is associated with the quiz, you'll notice that additional options open up.

Click 'New Quiz' button

 "Allow attempt to be set as graded immediately upon completion"

Check this if your quiz only contains questions that Brightspace can automatically grade (like Multiple Choice and True/False).

If your quiz contains any Written Response questions, we don't recommend setting this option.

"Allow automatic export to grades"

If checked, the quiz grades will automatically be pushed to the grade item once a quiz is considered "graded".

Click 'New Quiz' button

Save now!

Click the "Save" button.

You now have the basic shell of a quiz!

My students have already taken the quiz - how do I get the grades to appear in the gradebook?

You just need to associate the grade item, and publish the grades!

This is useful if the quiz grades weren't set up to automatically push to the gradebook, and now you need to publish existing grades.

Before you begin

Make sure you have created the grade item (column) for the quiz in the gradebook.

We recommend hiding the grade item from the students, until you are ready to release the grades to all of the students.

Return to the quiz editor to associate the grade item to the quiz and enable the settings that will push the grade from the quiz to the grade item once it has been graded.

Click 'New Quiz' button

Associate the quiz with a grade item (column)

  1. In the quiz, go to the "Assessment" tab of the quiz editor.
  2. Look for the "Grade item" dropdown menu, then select the grade item (column) for this particular quiz.

Once the grade item is associated with the quiz, you'll notice that additional options open up.

Next, go to the Quizzes tool:

  1. Click Grade from the context menu of the quiz you want to publish scores for.
  1. Select the Published check box for every user you want to publish quiz scores for.
  2. Click Save and Close.  

 

 

When you've finished marking your quizzes and feedback is published, you have the option to allow students to view their attempts and see how they did on each question.

If the students have not yet completed the quiz AND you want them to see their results as soon as they are done:

  1. After you've clicked on the name of the quiz from the Quizzes section of your course, click on the Submission Views.
  2. Click on Default View.
  1. Under View Details > Show Questions?, select Yes. You can choose exactly what students will see. The default will allow students to see all the questions with their responses.
  2. Click Save.

If you have already created and published your quiz results, adjusting the default view does not work retroactively. Please see the option below.

If the students have already completed the quiz OR you do not want them to see their results as soon as they are done:

  1. After you've clicked on the name of the quiz from the Quizzes section of your course, click on the Submission Views.
  2. Click "Add Additional View" which appears below the default view.
  1. Select the date and time you would like the results to be released to the students.
  2. Under View Details > Show Questions?, select Yes. You can choose exactly what students will see. The default will allow students to see all the questions with their responses.
  3. Click Save.

Troubleshoot issues with quiz attempts

Are you looking for a student's attempt and don't see it in the list of submitted attempts - even when the student assures you it's been completed?

It's possible the quiz attempt was completed, but not fully submitted.

Occasionally, a student may experience a problem if they:

  • Don't fully submit their quiz once they've finished answering questions.
  • Accidentally exit a quiz or close their browser.
  • Experience a browser or computer crash.

If the student is unable to enter the quiz again to submit the attempt themselves, you can find it and may choose to submit it on their behalf in order to complete the grading.

See the section on viewing and grading a "quiz attempt in progress" above for instructions!

Why delete a student's quiz attempt?

This is an option if there was a technical issue and the student isn't able to get back into their quiz in order to complete it.

That said, it may be better practice to use Special Access to give additional attempts to specific users instead. Retention policy may require that we keep all quiz attempts.

To delete a quiz attempt:

1. From the Quizzes tool, click the context menu next to the name of the quiz in question and select Grade.

2. Under either the Users or Attempts tab, click the check box next to the attempt(s) you wish to delete.

3. Click the trash can icon.

4. Click OK to delete the attempt(s).

Why would you restore a deleted quiz attempt?

If you've accidentally deleted a student's quiz attempt, and now realize that you wish to restore it, whether to use that attempt for the student's grade, investigate possible misconduct, or other reasons, you can now restore the attempt.

Access the Quiz Attempt logs:

1. Go to Assessment > Quizzes.

2. Click on the contextual menu to the right of the quiz in question, and select Attempt Logs.

3. To see only attempts that are available to be restored, click on just Quiz Attempt Deleted, so that other filtering options are grey. You will notice that the list of events in the table below now only show deleted attempts.

4. Click on the Restore button to the right of the student's quiz attempt you wish to restore.

5. Now click on the Quiz Attempt Restored filter located above the table, to include restored attempts in the view. You can now see both the previous attempt deletion and the attempt restored listed.

You can now go to Grade Quiz to see the student's attempt, manually grade any questions, publish the grade to the gradebook, etc.

NOTE: If the student currently has an additional attempt in progress, you will not see a Restore button for any previously deleted attempts. Once the student has submitted their current attempt (or you have submitted on their behalf), you will be able to see and restore any previous attempts, if necessary.

 

All student activity in quizzes is logged, and the Quiz Attempt Logs make it possible for you to see this information, so that you can troubleshoot the situation and make an informed decision about how to proceed.

  • You might notice you don't see a score for a student's quiz, and you're not sure why.
  • A student might approach you because they insist they wrote the quiz, but they can't see their attempt or grade.

The Quiz Attempt Logs may provide you with the details you're looking for, such as:

  • The quiz entry time
  • The quiz completion time

How to proceed after viewing the logs

Once you've viewed the logs and determined what happened, here are your options:

Access the Quiz Attempt logs:

1. Go to Assessment > Quizzes.

2. Click on the contextual menu to the right of the quiz in question, and select Attempt Logs.

By default, you see the Overview, which lists, by date/time, all quiz entries, completions, deletions and restored quiz attempts.

Each student who successfully completed the quiz should have one "Quiz Entry" row, and one "Quiz Completion" row.

If you only see a Quiz Entry row, the student has not successfully submitted their quiz. They may still be writing the quiz, they may have accidentally left the quiz without submitting, or they may have had a technical problem, such as a browser or computer crash.

If the student tries to re-enter the quiz within the allotted time, they should be able to continue.

If the student cannot re-enter the quiz, you can use the information in these logs to inform your decison about how to proceed.

Filter by event type

If you have a lot of students, even the Overview tab can contain a lot of information, which can make it difficult to spot what you're looking for.

You can filter to view only particular types of events by clicking on those event types at the top of the page. If an event type is highlighted in blue, it is displayed in the table below.

To exclude an event type, click on it again. It will turn grey and those events will not appear in the table below.

Sort by date

By default, events are listed from oldest to newest.

If you wish to see the most recent events first, click on the small arrow beside the Date header in the table.

Click on the arrow again, to revert the date order back to oldest to newest.

More details

If you need to see more detail than just if a student started and/or finished the quiz, click on the Detailed tab.

You can see when each question was answered, when the student moved from one page to the next, etc.

In the example screenshot, you can see that Marvin the Martian answered question 5, and the date/time that he did so, but there are no entries for him after that, which indicates that he didn't do anything else, such as submit his quiz. In this instance, this might lead you to a decision to use special access to allow Marvin back into the quiz to continue with the rest of the quiz, or you might decide to submit the quiz, as is, on his behalf.

Have you ever had a student urgently contact you mid-quiz to say that something happened that prevented them from completing the exam?

There are a couple of "Special Access" strategies that can help here.

Instructions for setting up "Special Access" can be found on the Create a Quiz tutorial page!

"Help! I clicked Submit by mistake and I wasn't done the exam!"

This happens quite often, as the quiz "Submit" button appears at the bottom of every page of the quiz. Since the student has submitted this attempt, you may choose to give them a second attempt using Special Access.

  • Check "Override attempts allowed"
  • Indicate how many attempts the student is permitted - if they have already completed 1 attempt, you will need to specify 2 or more.

"Help! I lost access to the quiz and can't get back in!"

This can happen if the student loses their internet connection, or their browser crashes, and - although they have time left in their time limit - it is past the availability end time.

You may choose to give them a later availability end time so that they can continue their current attempt.

  • Check "Has End Date" in the availability section.
  • Specify the new End Date and time for this student.
  • Leave the timing as-is if you don't want to give the student more time to complete the quiz. The clock is still ticking from the time they first started the quiz.

Try the quiz by completing a "preview" quiz attempt

Take the time to try a quiz before releasing it to the students. This process allows you to see the quiz, as well as grade it.

1. In Quizzes, select Preview from the context menu of the quiz you wish to attempt.

2. Click Start Quiz! 

3. Then click OK.
Please note that the quiz will open in full screen. The navigation bar will disappear, providing additional screen space for the quiz.

4. Complete the quiz questions, and notice that quiz responses are saved within about 10-15 seconds, or when you click outside of a text input field. You can see that a response has been saved by looking for the checkmark icon in the left navigation.

When done, click Submit Quiz.  

5. You will see a dialog box asking if you're sure you want to continue. Click the Yes button to submit your quiz.

6. On the Quiz Submission Confirmation page, be sure to click the checkbox to "Allow this preview attempt to be graded in the Grade Quiz area".

7. Click Submit Quiz.

8. On the confirmation page, you should see a message that your quiz has been submitted successfully. You will see the questions, your answers, and your score. Please note that this may look somewhat different for your real students, depending how you set up your submission views.

Scroll to the bottom of the page and click Done.

9. You can click on Exit Preview to return to your list of quizzes.

1. In Quizzes, click Grade from the context menu of the quiz you attempted.

2. Select the Users tab.

3. Find the Restrict to dropdown, and make sure it is set to "Users who have previewed attempts".

4. Click the magnifying glass icon in the "Search For" field to complete the search.

5. You should see your name listed below, with your attempts listed. Click on an attempt to review the answers. From there, you can grade your attempt. See Grading Quizzes for more information.