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Create quiz questions

Create quiz questions

Now that you have created a quiz, it's time to start considering the questions.

There are two main ways to create and store quiz questions:

  1. Directly in the quiz.
  2. In the Question Library, organized into sections.

You should first determine which workflow will work best for you, and review the tutorials on each method for more details.

Why create questions in a quiz?

If your quiz is quite simple, and you have no need to reuse or randomize questions, you may want to try this method first.

  • More efficient
  • All students will get the same questions - but they can be shuffled to randomize the order.
  • It can be quicker to set up a quiz with the questions created directly within.

Why create questions in the Question Library?

Creating sections of questions in the Question Library offers some added flexibility that make it possible to create random quizzes, organize questions based on topic or difficulty, etc.

  • More flexibility
  • A random selection of questions can be pulled from a larger pool of questions, ensuring students each get a unique quiz.
  • Questions can easily be organized and grouped by topic and difficulty.
  • Questions can easily be reused in a number of quizzes.

Find the Quizzes tool in the top menu bar, under Assessment. If it isn't there, review how to enable course tools.

Three steps to creating a quiz:

 Create questions in a quiz

Start by creating a quiz. If you haven't done this yet, please review the "Create a quiz" documentation page.

  1. When you are ready to add or create the quiz questions, click the "Add/Edit Questions" button on the Properties tab of your quiz editor.

  2. If this is a new quiz that has no questions in it yet, you will see the Quiz Builder landing page.

    To create new content, click on Add.

  3. Select what you would like to add to the quiz. Options include the following:

    • New Question - click to see a list of the types of questions you can create. options include True or False, Multiple Choice, Long Answer, and more. See the tab about Question types for a description of each question type.
    • Section - divide your questions into separate "folders"
    • Question Pool - this is a special type of "folder" that allows you to:
       - present questions to each student in a random order, OR
       - randomly select a subset of questions to present to each student.
      Learn more about creating a question pool (previously known as a random section).
  4. If you are creating a question, click on the type of question you would like to create. Options include True or False, Multiple Choice, Long Answer, and more.

    See the Question types section of this page for a description of each question type.

     

  5. The preview pane

    If you are creating questions on a device with a high screen resolution, you will be able to preview your question as you make changes.

  6. Once you have saved your question, you can see the list of questions in this quiz, and decide how to proceed.

    If you wish to create another question, click on Add, and select the question type.

    If you wish to return to the quiz and save your changes, click on Back to Settings for...

    If you are done adding questions and making changes to your quiz for now, click on the blue Save and Close button at the bottom of the page.

    If necessary, anytime before students start taking the quiz, you can return and make changes or add more questions.

Once you have added questions to your quiz, you have the ability to set various options on those questions.

You can set a question as mandatory, which means that students must answer that question, and that if you are selecting a number of questions from a pool, a question tagged as mandatory will always appear in the selection.

You can also set a question as bonus, which means that the points for any question tagged as bonus will not count in the total for the quiz. For example, the quiz could be graded out of 10, with 10 regular question, and 2 bonus questions. This would make it possible for a student to score 12/10 on that quiz.

To bulk edit these details, edit your quiz, and click on the Add/Edit Questions button.

Select at least one question.

In the upper left, click on the More Actions button, and choose the option that you wish to toggle or edit for the selected question(s):

  • Toggle Bonus
  • Toggle Mandatory
  • Set Points

Click "Toggle Bonus" to set all selected questions as  "bonus"

When a question is set as a "bonus", the points will count above and beyond the total for the quiz.

For example, if your quiz has 10 regular questions, and 1 bonus question, and a student answers all questions correctly, they could score 11/10.

Click "Toggle Mandatory" to set all selected questions as "mandatory"

When a question is set to "mandatory", it must be answered by a student taking the quiz.

If random question pools are utilized, mandatory questions will always be included.

Click "Set points" to set the same point value for all selected questions

This will set the point value for all selected questions to a number entered in the pop-up.

Simply enter the new point value, and click "Save". 

Return to the quiz & save

Once you have saved your question, you can see the list of questions in this quiz, and decide how to proceed.

If you wish to create another question, click on Add, and select the question type.

If you wish to return to the quiz and save your changes, click on Back to Settings for...

If you are done adding questions and making changes to your quiz for now, click on the blue Save and Close button at the bottom of the page.

If necessary, anytime before students start taking the quiz, you can return and make changes or add more questions.

There are a number of ways that you can organize groups of questions within a quiz.

The most common is to create a Section or a Question Pool.

A section is a way to group questions together. This may be because the questions cover similar material, such as a particular chapter from the textbook, or perhaps the questions are of a similar type or difficulty level.

A question pool is an excellent way to organize questions if you only want students to see a selection of questions from a larger pool, or if you want students to see questions from a pool in random order, to reduce the chance of cheating. If you are showing students a selection of questions from a larger pool, it is recommended that you make those questions all of a similar difficulty level, so that the experience will be fair for all students taking the test (some won't experience a more difficult test than others).

Please note: Text Information Items and Image Information Items have been deprecated.

If you have copied quizzes from previous course shells, and those quizzes used these items, they have now been converted to sections, and you will need to edit the title to something more appropriate (see screenshot). We recommend previewing your quiz to ensure that these items appear appropriately.

In the future, when creating new questions, it's recommended that you use the WYSIWYG editor in each question to include text or image information.

 Create questions in the question library

  1. Find the Quizzes tool by clicking on Assessment > Quizzes in the top nav.

  2. Click on Question Library.

  3. From the Question Library page, click New > Section.

  4. While Sections are not necessary, they are a great tool for organizing questions and make placing questions into a quiz much more efficient. If you want to create random sections in your quiz, then creating a section in the Question Library is a good step.

    Name your section and add an (optional) description of the section.

    Click Save.

  5. Back on the Question Library page, open the section you just created.

    From here, you add new questions by clicking New and selecting the type of question you will add. Keep in mind, if you are creating this section for a random section in a quiz, the types of questions should be similar and of similar difficulty (since D2L will pull x number of questions from the section randomly).

    You can also import questions from an existing quiz by clicking Import.

    Note: Questions cannot be imported from a random section already created in a quiz.

    When you're done adding your questions, click Done Editing Questions.

If you have created questions in the Question Library and would like to use them in a quiz, follow these steps to import them into the quiz.

Start by creating a quiz. If you haven't done this yet, please review the "Create a quiz" documentation page.

  1. 1. When you are ready to add or create the quiz questions, click the "Add/Edit Questions" button on the Properties tab of your quiz editor.

  2. If this is a new quiz that has no questions in it yet, you will see the Quiz Builder landing page.

    2. To import from the Question Library, click on Import, then click on Browse Question Library.

  3. If this is a quiz that already has questions in it, you will see the list of existing questions.

    3. To import from the Question Library, click on Import, then click on Browse Question Library.

  4. Adding questions within a quiz

    4. Click on the disclosure triangle in front of a collection to expand it to choose specific questions. Or just check the box in front of the collection name to choose the entire collection.

    5. If desired, select the individual questions that you wish to import into your quiz.

    6. Click Add to add the selected questions to your quiz.

    The questions will appear at the bottom of the list of questions in your quiz. If desired, you can use the commands above the list to move, edit or change the order of the items.

    When you are done importing content from the Question Library, click on the X in the upper-right to close the Question Library portion of the page.

Adding questions within a quiz

Tip:

If your question library is large, or you want to search for a particular type of question, you can use the filter options in the upper-right of the screen to find what you are looking for.

It is a good idea to create or save all quiz questions within the Question Library. This enables you to reuse questions in various quizzes, surveys, and self assessments.

To create a question in the Question Library, see the steps above.

  1. To save a previously created question in the Question Library, follow the following steps:

    • From the Quizzes page (Assessment > Quizzes), select "Question Library".
  2. Import questions

    Click Import to copy questions into the main folder of the Question Library.

    If you wish to import questions into a particular section within the Question Library, click on that section name, and then click Import.

    • Select the "Import Source: From an Existing Collection".
    • Choose the appropriate quiz from the dropdown menu.
    • Choose "Collection Root" from the Source Section
    • Check off the questions you want to save.
    • Click "Save".

    The questions will appear at the bottom of the list of questions in the Question Library. If desired, you can use the commands above the list to move, edit or change the order of the items.

 Question types

For this example, we will take a closer look at the Multiple Choice question type.

Add answer options

Question answer options

Enter the possible answers to the question, making sure that one of them is the correct answer. These can also include images, equations and some basic formatting.

To add another answer option, click "Add Answer" below the answers this button to add another one.

Below this, you can "Randomize answers for each student" by checking the associated checkbox.

 

Assign values to the answers

If the question has definitive correct and incorrect answers, like a True/False or Multiple Choice question, assign the appropriate values to each answer.

If your question looks like the example here, you will need to assign the value of each answer. Incorrect answers should be given a 0, correct answers should be given 100. Partial marks may also be given. This is called "Custom Weights".

If this "Custom Weights" view is not enabled in the question Options, you will simply have to identify the correct answer. (Custom Weights can be turned on/off by going to "Options").

The "Default Points" setting determines how many points this question is worth. 

Add answer options

Additional options

When editing a quiz question, you can enable some added options by clicking the "Options" link at the top of the page.

Those marked with a check are enabled for your question.

  • Add feedback fields for each answer option, as well as for the whole question.
  • Add hint to provide the students with a guide to the correct answer.
  • Add short description
  • Add custom weights to provide full/partial credit on different answer options. 100% identifies a correct answer.
  • Add enumeration adds a symbol next to each answer option (i.e. a, b, c, d). This is not recommended if you will be randomizing the answers.
The preview pane

True or false questions present a statement. The student needs to decide if the statement is true or false.

Required: question text, whether the answer is true or false, points

Optional: feedback, hint, short description, enumeration

The preview pane

Multiple choice questions provide a statement or question with a list of possible answers. The student must choose the best answer. Multiple choice questions are different from multi-select questions because you can only pick one answer for each multiple choice question.

Required: question text, answers (ideally 3 or more), points

Optional: ability to randomize answers, feedback, hint, short description, custom weights (partial points), enumeration (a, b, c vs i, ii, iii)

The preview pane

Multi-select questions provide a statement or question, and require the student to identify one or more correct answers within a list of possible answers. Multi-select questions are different from multiple choice (MC) questions because multi-select questions enable students to select more than one answer, and have grading options to structure points awarded based on how many of the correct answers are chosen.

Required: points, difficulty (1-5), question text, style (vertical vs horizontal stacking of answers), grading options (all or nothing vs right minus wrong vs correct answers), answer text, 

Optional: title, image, description, enumeration, randomize answers, answer feedback text, question hint, question feedback

The preview pane

Written response questions require students to write detailed answers to open-ended questions. Answers can be in the form of sentences, paragraphs, programming languages, HTML code, or even mathematical formulas or explanations. Written response questions must be graded manually by the instructor, as many types of long answers can be subjectively judged.

If desired, instructors can include initial text for the student's response.

Required: question text, points

Optional: enable HTML editor, feedback, hint, short description, answer key, custom response box size

The preview pane

Short answer questions require students to provide brief answers to open-ended questions.  Short answer questions can be auto-graded, as the system searches for matching character patterns.

Required: question text, answer text (can be text, case-sensitive text or a regular expression), points

Optional: feedback, hint, short description

The preview pane

Multi-short answer questions require students to answer a question that requires multiple answers and input their answers into individual input boxes. These questions can be auto-graded, as the system searches for matching character patterns in the submitted answer text. Each submitted answer is compared to each possible answer stored in the answer fields.

Required: points, difficulty (1-5), question text, input box options (#, width, height), answers, answer weights, evaluation type (case insensitive, case sensitive, regular expression)

Optional: title, image, description, question hint, question feedback

The preview pane

Fill in the blanks questions require students to fill in a word or phrase for an incomplete sentence, statement, phrase, or list. These questions can be auto-graded, as the system searches for matching character patterns in the submitted answer text. As a best practice, D2L recommends that answers in blank fields are no more than one or two words to ensure auto-grading accuracy. The listed order of blank and text fields needs to correspond with the sequence displayed to users.

Required: points, difficulty (1-5), question text options (#blanks, #text boxes), question text, answer text, answer weight, evaluation type (case insensitive, case sensitive, regular expression), 

Optional: title, image, description, question hint, question feedback

The preview pane

Matching questions require students to choose from a set of possible match choices from drop-down lists and pair them correctly with related items. This question type enables the instructor to gauge recognition of information and relationships.

Required: points, difficulty (1-5), question text, grading style (equally weighted, all or nothing, right minus wrong, number of answer choices, answer text for each choice, number of matches, text for each match, 

Optional: title, image, description, question hint, question feedback

The preview pane

Ordering questions require students to organize a number of items into a particular order.

Required: points, difficulty (1-5), question text, grading options (equally weighted, all or nothing, right minus wrong), number of items, item text, item feedback, item order

Optional: title, image, description, question hint, question feedback

The preview pane

Arithmetic questions allow you to appraise students' understanding of mathematics. You can ensure each respondent receives a unique question by including variables enclosed with curly braces that randomly generate numbers within the problem.

Note: As best practice, it is recommended that you create long answer (LA) question types for arithmetic problems that require users to show their work.

Required: points, difficulty (1-5), question text, formula, tolerance units/percent and amount, evaluation options (case insensitive, case sensitive, regular expression), # of variables, variable values (name, min, max, decimal places, step)

Optional: title, image, description, answer precision (0-10), enforce precision on/off, units field, units value % of points, question hint, question feedback

The preview pane

Significant figures questions require students to answer in scientific notation and provide solutions that contain a specified number of significant figures. Math and science courses commonly use this question type. You can ensure each student receives a unique question by including variables enclosed with curly braces that randomly generate scientific notations within the problem.

Required: points, difficulty (1-5), question text, formula, significant figures number (1-7), tolerance values (to determine required accuracy), evaluation options (case insensitive, case sensitive, regular expression), # of variables, variable values (name, min X x10^Y, max X x10^Y, step X x10^Y)

Optional: title, image, description, deduct X% of points for incorrect significant figures, units, worth % of points, question hint, question feedback

The preview pane

Likert questions measure responses on a scale. This can be subjective information such as opinions or skill level. You can use this type of question to measure intensity of sentiment toward statements.

Likert questions are not currently an option in the Quizzes tool. However, you can use the Survey tool to gather responses to this type of question.

Required: introductory text, scale type, # of questions, question text

Optional: title, image, image description, include n/a option on scale, question feedback