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Undergraduate Program Requirements

An overview of the requirements for each program can be found in the Undergraduate Calendar.

A program will consist of a Major/Plan and will include the following components:

  • Required (Core) Courses
  • Professional (Elective) Courses
  • Professionally-Related (PR Elective) Courses
  • Liberal Studies

A program may include the following components:

  • Minor
  • Optional Specialization
  • Concentration
  • Other

A program will consist of a Major/Plan and will include the following components:

Major/Plan: A scholarly focus in an academic subject area offering both breadth and depth, such as Biophysics or Human Resources Management, consisting of 25 to 30 core courses.

Double Major/Plan: Offered only in the Bachelor of Arts degree. An approved scholarly focus in one program in two, combined, academic subject areas; English and History, English and Philosophy, History and Philosophy, consisting of 13-15 core courses in each Major area of study.

Courses that comprise an essential knowledge base for a career or further study. In many programs these are labelled as Required or Professional courses.

Studies that promote functional competence by presenting the knowledge and developing the skills characteristic of current practice in the career field.

Liberal Studies develop the capacity to understand and appraise the social and cultural context in which the graduate will work as a professional and live as an educated citizen. Courses are indicated as follows, LL - Lower Level, UL - Upper Level, some language courses can be both LL and UL. Courses not identified as either (LL) or (UL) are NOT Liberal Studies courses and will not be used towards the fulfillment of a Liberal Studies Requirement for graduation purposes.

Liberal Studies courses must be completed as part of the requirements for graduation in all Ryerson undergraduate programs. The required number of Lower and Upper Level Liberal studies courses varies according to program.

Courses must be in disciplines outside your field of professional specialization; their purpose is to develop your capacity to understand and appraise the social and cultural context in which graduates will work as professionals and live as educated citizens.

Due to their close relation to the professional fields, certain courses listed in the Lower Level Liberal Studies Table A, opens in new window and in the Upper Level Liberal Studies Table B, opens in new window cannot be taken for Liberal Studies credit by students in some programs. A list of these programs and restricted courses is provided in the Undergraduate Calendar.

A program may include the following components:

A Minor is an opportunity for you to explore a secondary area of undergraduate study either for personal interest beyond your degree program, or as an area of specific expertise related to your degree program.

A minor consists of six single-term courses mainly outside the major, selected by a student from an established minor curriculum. Minors are noted on a student's Official Transcript.

 Note: Student's priority should be given to enrolment in, and the completion of, their program’s graduation requirements. Students are cautioned that taking courses over and above basic program requirements in order to earn a Minor, may adversely affect overall academic performance and jeopardize Academic Standing. Students on Probationary Standing will not be authorized to take extra courses for the purposes of earning a Minor.

For more details, go to the Undergraduate Calendar.

Graduating with a Minor

It is your responsibility to apply for the Minor at the time you  submit an Application to Graduate on RAMSS, opens in new window. Step by Step instructions are available through RAMSS Support - Select a Minor.

Your eligibility to graduate from your program will not be affected in the event that you do not meet graduation requirements of the Minor(s).   

A Specialization is an optional, formal recognized designation showing successful completion of a required series of courses.

Ryerson University’s Optional Specializations provide an opportunity for students to enrich and augment their studies by focusing on a particular area of interest.  

Specialization courses are completed in addition to the student’s regular program requirements, often in the Spring/Summer or via Distance Education. Optional Specializations are noted on the student’s Official Transcript upon graduation from their program.

More information on Optional Specializations can be found in the Undergraduate Calendar.

A Concentration is a group of defined (6 -12 one-count core elective) courses representing a sub-specialization or emphasis within the major area of study. More than one Concentration may be completed but an individual course may only be applied to the requirements of one Concentration.

Concentrations must be formally declared and completed as part of graduation from your program. Concentrations are noted on a student's academic record/official transcript. 

For complete details and to see if your program includes/offers a Concentration go to the Undergraduate Calendar.

A program may also include other educational components: Option, Stream, Module, Co-Operative Work Term, Internship, etc.