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Women in Science and Engineering in Canada 

The under representation of women in the various fields of science and engineering has long been recognized, and is of concern to the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC). In this report, a brief review of some of the available statistics on women in science and engineering in Canada will be presented. From pre-university to post graduation, the gender preferences for science and engineering education and careers will be highlighted. Although the reasons behind gender differences in education and career selection are extremely important to consider, these issues are not the focus of this report. The academic literature on this subject is vast and does not offer conclusive results. The following web site Women-Related Web Sites in Science/Technology offers a good compilation of research in this area. The subject matter has developed enough interest to sustain a journal in the area, the Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering. 

Read the 2017 report: PDF fileWomen in Science and Engineering in Canada, external link

Read the 2010 report: PDF fileWomen in Science and Engineering in Canada


Gender differences in STEM programs at university

Women represent the majority of young university graduates, but are still underrepresented in science, technology, engineering, mathematics and computer science (STEM) fields. This article provides more information on women with STEM university degrees, and examines whether mathematical ability in high school is related to gender differences in STEM university programs.

Read PDF fileGender differences in STEM programs at university

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Women in Science

This fact sheet presents the latest UIS data on research and experimental development (R&D) available as of December 2016.

Overall, women account for a minority of the world’s researchers. Despite the growing demand for cross-nationally-comparable statistics on women in science, national data and their use in policymaking often remain limited. This fact sheet presents global and regional profiles, pinpointing where women thrive in this sector and where they are under-represented. 

Read PDF fileWomen in Science Factsheet, external link


Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA)

The Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) is a triennial international survey which aims to evaluate education systems worldwide by testing the skills and knowledge of 15-year-old students.

In 2015 over half a million students, representing 28 million 15-year-olds in 72 countries and economies, took the internationally agreed two-hour test. Students were assessed in science, mathematics, reading, collaborative problem solving and financial literacy.

The results of the 2015 assessment were published on 6th December 2016.

Visit Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) Website, external link

Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA)