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k. Wayne Forsythe

Forsythe, K. Wayne




BSc (Hons.), Sask., MSc, Calg., DPhil, Salzburg


JOR 622A


416-979-5000 x7141


Geospatial Analysis, Remote Sensing, Field Studies


Geography & Environmental Studies

Research Interests:

Assessing Great Lakes sediment contamination using GIS-based kriging, Urban change detection using remote sensing and GIS, Geospatial Analysis

Current Courses:

GEO 542:  Introduction to Remote Sensing
GEO 642:  Advanced Remote Sensing and GIS
GEO 773:  Field Studies (Germany/Austria/Italy)
SA 8922:   Remote Sensing and Spatial Data (graduate)

Professional Affiliations:

Prof. Forsythe is the Past President of the Canadian Association of Geographers - Ontario Division (CAGONT). The purpose of CAGONT is to support the objectives of the Canadian Association of Geographers (CAG) in the encouragement of geographic study, teaching, research and application (especially in Ontario). See for more information.

Selected Publications & Presentations:

Forsythe, K.W., C.H. Marvin, D.A. Burniston, M.W. MacDonald, and J.P. Watt. 2019. Geovisualization of Mercury Sediment Contamination in Lake OntarioAGIT Journal für Angewandte Geoinformatik. 5(2019), pp. 348-359. DOI: 10.14627/537669033.

Shaker, R.R., Y. Altman, C. Deng, E. Vaz, and K.W. Forsythe. 2019. Investigating urban heat island through spatial analysis of New York City streetscapesJournal of Cleaner Production. 233(2019), pp. 972-992, DOI:

Mitchell, D.E. K.W. Forsythe, C.H. Marvin, and D.A. Burniston. 2019. Temporal Trends and Origins of Lake Erie Cadmium Contamination in Relation to Sediment Substrate Type Using Multivariate Kriging AnalysesInternational Journal of Geospatial and Environmental Research. 6(1), Article 3, pp. 1-21.

Mitchell, D.E. K.W. Forsythe, C.H. Marvin, and D.A. Burniston. 2018. Assessing Statistical and Spatial Validity of Sediment Survey Design and Sampling Densities: Examples from Lake ErieWater Quality Research Journal. August 2018, WQRJ-D-17-00029R1, pp. 118-132. DOI:10.2166/wqrj.2018.029

Forsythe, K.W., C. Hare, A.J. Buckland, R.R. Shaker, J.M. Aversa, S.J. Swales, and M.W. MacDonald. 2018. Assessing fine particulate matter concentrations and trends in southern Ontario, Canada, 2003–2012AIMS Environmental Science. 5(1), pp. 35-46, DOI:10.3934/environsci.2018.1.35

Shaker, R.R., A.D. Yakubov, S.M. Nick, E. Vennie-Vollrath, T.J. Ehlinger, and K.W. Forsythe. 2017. Predicting aquatic invasion in Adirondack lakes: A spatial analysis of lake and landscape characteristics. Ecosphere. 8(3), pp. 1-25, e01723, DOI:10.1002/ecs2.1723.

Forsythe, K.W., C.H. Marvin, D.E. Mitchell, J.M. Aversa, S.J. Swales, D.A. Burniston, J.P. Watt, D.J. Jakubek, M.H. McHenry, and R.R. Shaker. 2016. Utilization of bathymetry data to examine lead sediment contamination distributions in Lake Ontario. AIMS Environmental Science. 3(3), pp. 347-361. DOI:10.3934/environsci.2016.3.347

Forsythe, K.W., C.H. Marvin, C.J. Valancius, J.P. Watt, J.M. Aversa, S.J. Swales, D.J. Jakubek, and R.R. Shaker. 2016. Geovisualization of Mercury Contamination in Lake St. Clair Sediments. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 4(19); DOI:10.3390/jmse4010019

Forsythe, K.W., C.H. Marvin, C.J. Valancius, J.P. Watt, S.J. Swales, J.M. Aversa, and D.J. Jakubek. 2016. Using Geovisualization to Assess Lead Sediment Contamination in Lake St. Clair. The Canadian Geographer/Le Géographe canadien. Vol. 60 (1), pp. 149-158, DOI:10.1111/cag.12253

Forsythe, K.W., K.N. Irvine, D.M. Atkinson, M. Perelli, J.M. Aversa, S.J. Swales, A. Gawedzki, and D.J. Jakubek. 2015. Assessing Lead Contamination in Buffalo River Sediments. Journal of Environmental Informatics. 26(2), pp. 106-111, DOI:10.3808/jei.201500300

Forsythe, K.W. and G. McCartney. 2014. Investigating Forest Disturbance Using Landsat Data in the Nagagamisis Central Plateau, Ontario, CanadaISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information 3(1), pp. 254-273, DOI:10.3390/ijgi3010254

Forsythe, K.W., A. Gawedzki, P.S. Rodriguez, K.N. Irvine, and M.F. Perrelli. 2013. Geospatial Estimation of Mercury Contamination in Buffalo River Sediments. Soil and Sediment Contamination An International Journal Vol. 22, No. 5, pp. 521-531, DOI: 10.1080/15320383.2013.750266

Ferrato, L-J. and K.W. Forsythe. 2013. Comparing Hyperspectral and Multispectral Imagery for Land Classification of the Lower Don River, TorontoJournal of Geography and Geology Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 92-107, DOI: 10.5539/jgg.v5n1p92

Forsythe, K.W., B. Schatz, S.J. Swales, L-J. Ferrato, and D.M. Atkinson. 2012. Visualization of Lake Mead Surface Area Changes from 1972-2009ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information 1(2), pp. 108-119, DOI: 10.3390/ijgi1020108

Gawedzki, A. and K.W. Forsythe. 2012. Assessing Anthracene and Arsenic Contamination within Buffalo River Sediments.International Journal of Ecology Vol. 2012, Article ID 496740, 9 pages, DOI: 10.1155/2012/496740

Forsythe, K.W., K. Paudel, and C.H. Marvin. 2010. Geospatial Analysis of Zinc Contamination in Lake Ontario Sediments.Journal of Environmental Informatics 16(1), 1-10, DOI: 10.3808/jei.201000172

Forsythe, K.W., A. Gawedzki, and P.S. Rodriguez. 2010. Assessing Sediment Contamination in the Buffalo River. In: Strobl, J., T. Blaschke, and G. Griesebner (Eds.) Proceedings of the 22nd Symposium for Applied Geographic Information Processing (Angewandte Geographische Informationsverarbeitung XXII), AGIT 2010. July 7-9, 2010. Salzburg, AUSTRIA. Herbert Wichmann Verlag, Hüthig GmbH & Co. KG, Heidelberg, Germany. pp. 606-615. ISBN: 978-3-87907-495-2

Forsythe, K.W. 2010. (Ed.) The Canadian Association of Geographers - Ontario Division (CAGONT) 2010 Annual Meeting Book of Abstracts. Toronto: Ryerson University, Department of Geography. 119 pp. Published online at:

Forsythe, K.W. and C.H. Marvin. 2009. Assessing Historical versus Contemporary Mercury and Lead Contamination in Lake Huron Sediments. Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management Vol. 12, Issue 1, pp. 101-109.

Dennis, M., K.W. Forsythe, and A. Gawedzki. 2009. Kriging Great Lakes Sediment Contamination Values “Cookbook”. Toronto, Ontario: Ryerson University, Department of Geography. 43 pp.

Sun, H., K.W. Forsythe, and N.M. Waters. 2007. Modelling Urban Land Use Change and Urban Sprawl: Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Networks and Spatial Economics Vol. 7, No. 4, pp. 353-376.

Forsythe, K.W. and N.M. Waters. 2006. The Utilization of Image Texture Measures in Urban Change Detection. Photogrammetrie-Fernerkundung-Geoinformation PFG 4/2006, pp. 287-296.

Forsythe, K.W. and C.H. Marvin. 2005. Analyzing the Spatial Distribution of Sediment Contamination in the Lower Great Lakes.Water Quality Research Journal of Canada Vol. 40, No. 4, pp. 389-401.