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Comprehensive Examinations Bibliography

The following document was developed from reading lists in the MA core issues Courses, the research methods workshop, the PhD core course and the foundation courses in each area of concentration. Students are not expected to master the complete bibliography. The intention is for the document to be consulted as a resource when preparing for your comprehensive exams.

Communication & Culture 6000 3.0/CC8900: Core Issues in Cultural Studies (2001-2004)

Agger, Ben. Cultural Studies as Critical Theory. London: Falmer Press, 1992.

Ahmad, Aijaz. "Introduction: Literature among the Signs of Our Times." Theory: Classes, Nations, Literatures. London: Verso, 1992. 1-42.

---. "The Politics of Literary Postcoloniality." Race and Class 36.3 (1995): 1-20.

Al-Azmeh, Aziz. "Culturalism, Grand Narrative of Capitalism Exultant." Islams and Modernities. London: Verso, 1996. 17-39.

Althusser, Louis. “Ideology and Ideological State Apparatuses.” Mapping Ideology. Ed. Slavoj Zizek. London: Verso, 1994. 100-140.

---. "Postmodern Obscurantism and 'the Muslim Question'." Socialist Register 2003. Ed. Leo Panitch and Colin Leys. London: Merlin Press, 2003. 29-50.

Alessandrini, Anthony C. "Fanon Studies, Cultural Studies and Cultural Politics." Franz Fanon: Critical Perspectives. Ed. Anthony C. Alessandrini. New York: Routledge, 1999. 1-17.

Anderson, Benedict. "Chapter 1: Introduction; Chapter 2: Cultural Roots; Chapter 3: The Origins of National Consciousness." Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. New York: Verso, 1993. 1-8; 9-36; 41-49.

Anderson, Perry. "Chapters 1 and 2." The Origins of Postmodernity. London and New York: Verso, 1998. 3-46.

Bannerji, Himani. “Chapter 3: The Dark Side of the Nation: Politics of Multiculturalism and the State in Canada.” The Dark Side of the Nation: Essays on Multiculturalism, Nationaism and Gender. Toronto: Canadian Scholar’s Press, 2000. 87-124.


Baudrillard, Jean. "The Mirror of Production." Jean Baudrillard: Selected Writings. Ed. Mark Poster. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1988. 98-118.

---. "For a Critique of the Political Economy of the Sign." Jean Baudrillard: Selected Writings. Ed. Mark Poster. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1988. 57-97.

Baudrillard, Jean. "The Precession of Simulacra." Media and Cultural Studies: Keyworks. Ed. Meenakshi Gigi Durham and Douglas Kellner. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2001. 521-54.

Benjamin, Walter. "Chapter 3: The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproducibility." Media and Cultural Studies: Keyworks. Ed. Meenakshi Gigi Durham and Douglas Kellner. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2001. 48-70.

Bennett, Tony. “The Multiplication of Culture’s Utility.” Critical Inquiry 21 (1995): 861-889.

Berlant, Lauren. "National Brands/National Body: Imitation of Life." The Phantom Public Sphere. Ed. Bruce Robbins. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1993. 234-56.

--. “The Theory of Infantile Citizenship.” The Queen of America Goes to Washington City: Essays on Sex and Citizenship. Durham: Duke University Press, 1997. 25-53.

Bhabha, Homi. "The Postcolonial and the Postmodern." The Cultural Studies Reader, Second Edition. Ed. Simon During. London: Routledge, 1999. 189-208.

Buck-Morss, Susan. "Aesthetics and Anaesthetics: Walter Benjamin's Artwork Essay Revisited." October 62 (Fall 1992): 3-41.

Calhoun, Craig. "Civil Society and the Public Sphere." Public Culture 5 (1993): 267-80.

Callinicos, Alex. "Wonders Taken for Signs: Homi Bhabha's Postcolonialism." Transformation 1 (1995): 98-112.

Childs, Peter, and Williams, Patrick. “Chapter Three”; “Chapter Four”; “Chapter Five”. An Introduction to Post-Colonial Theory. London: Prentice Hall Europe, 1997. 97-156; 227-234.

Cohen, Jean L. “Changing Paradigms of Citizenship and the Exclusiveness of the Demos.” International Sociology 14:3 (September 1999): 245-268.

Connor, Steven. "Excerpts." Postmodernist Culture: An Introduction to Theories of the Contemporary, Second Edition. Cambridge, MA: Basil Blackwell, 1997. 27-64-224-30.

Dawson, Michael C. “Globalization, the Racial Divide, and a New Citizenship”. Race, Identity, and Citizenship: A Reader. Ed. Rodolfo D. Torres, Louis F. Miron, Jonathan X. Inda. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1999. 373-384.

Debord, Guy. "The Commodity as Spectacle." Media and Cultural Studies: Keyworks. Ed. Meenakshi Gigi Durham and Douglas Kellner. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 2001. 139-43.

Dirlik, Arif. "The Postcolonial Aura: Third World Criticism in the Age of Global Capitalism." Critical Inquiry 20 (1994): 328-56.

Durham, Meenakshi Gigi and Kellner, Douglas. "Adventures in Media and Cultural Studies: Introducing Keyworks." Media and Cultural Studies: Keyworks. Ed. Meenakshi Gigi Durham and Douglas Kellner. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2001. 1-29.

Dworkin, Dennis. "Chapter Three: Culture Is Ordinary." Cultural Marxism in Postwar Britain. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1997. 78-109.

Eagleton, Terry. "Ideology." The Eagleton Reader. Ed. Stephen Regan. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 1998. 228-45.

---. "Chapter One." The Idea of Culture. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 2000. 1-31.

---. "Chapter One." After Theory. London: Allen Lane, 2003. 1-22.

Eley, Geoff. "Nations, Publics and Political Cultures: Placing Habermas in the Nineteenth Century." Habermas and the Public Sphere. Ed. Craig Calhoun. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1996. 289-339.

Fanon, Franz. "On National Culture." Colonial Discourse and Postcolonial Theory: A Reader. Ed. Patrick Williams. New York: Columbia University Press, 1994. 36-52.

Foster, Hal. "Readings in Cultural Resistance." Recodings: Art, Spectacle, Cultural Politics. Seattle: Bay Press, 1985. 157-79.

Frank, Thomas. “Chapter 8: New Consensus for Old: Cultural Studies from Left to Right”. One Market Under God: Extreme Capitalism, Market Populism and the End of Economic Democracy. New York: Doubleday, 2000. 276-306.

Fraser, Nancy. "Rethinking the Public Sphere: A Contribution to the Critique of Actually Existing Democracy." The Phantom Public Sphere. Ed. Bruce Robbins. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1993. 1-32.

Garnham, Nicholas. "The Mass Media, Cultural Identity, and the Public Sphere in the Modern World." Public Culture 5 (1993): 251-65.


Gibson, Nigel. "Fanon and the Pitfalls of Cultural Studies." Franz Fanon: Critical Perspectives. Ed. Anthony C. Alessandrini. New York: Routledge, 1999. 99-125.

Gordon, Daniel. "On the Supposed Obsolescence of the French Enlightenment." Postmodernism and the Enlightenment. Ed. Daniel Gordon. New York: Routledge, 2001. 201-24.

Gramsci, Antonio. "History of the Subaltern Classes; the Concept of Ideology; Cultural Themes: Ideological Material." Media and Cultural Studies: Keyworks. Ed. Meenakshi Gigi Durham and Douglas Kellner. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2001. 43-47.

Grossberg, Lawrence. “Cultural Studies Vs. Political Economy: Is Anybody Else Bored with this Debate”. Cultural Theory and Popular Culture: A Reader. Second Edition. Ed. John Storey.
London: Prentice Hall, 1998. 613-624.

Gunster, Shane. Capitalizing on Culture: Critical Theory for Cultural Studies. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2004.

Habermas, Jurgen. "Sections I and II." Trans. Thomas Burger. The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1989. 1-56.

---. "Chapter Five: The Public Sphere: An Encyclopaedia Article." Media and Cultural Studies: Keyworks. Ed. Meenakshi Gigi Durham and Douglas Kellner. Oxford: Blackwell Publisher, 2001. 102-07.

Hall, Stuart. "Popular Culture and the State." Popular Culture and Social Relations. Ed. Colin Mercer and Janet Woollacott Tony Bennett. Philadelphia: Open University Press, 1986. 22-49.

---. "Culture, Community, Nation." Cultural Studies 7 (1993): 349-63.

Hansen, Miriam. "Unstable Mixtures Dilated Spheres: Negt and Kluge's the Pubic Sphere and Experience, Twenty Years Later." Public Culture 5 (1993): 179-212.

Harvey, David. "Postmodernism." The Condition of Postmodernity. Cambridge: Blackwell, 1989. 39-65.

---. "The Political-Economic Transformation of Late Twentieth-Century Capitalism: From Fordism to Flexible Accumulation." The Condition of Postmodernity. London: Basil Blackwell, 1989. 121-97.

Haug, W.F. "Chapters 1 and 2." Critique of Commodity Aesthetics. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1986. 13-56.

Hodge, Robert and Kress, Gunther. “Chapter1: Social Semiotics”; “Chapter 2: The Founding Fathers Revisited”. Social Semiotics. Ithaca NY: Cornell University Press, 1988. 1-12; 13-36.

Hoggart, Richard. "Selections from the Uses of Literacy (1958)." Cultural Resistance Reader. London: Verso, 2002. 303-13.

Horkheimer, Max and Adorno, Theodor. "Chapter 4: The Culture Industry: Enlightenment as Mass Deception." Media and Cultural Studies: Keyworks. Ed. Meenakshi Gigi Durham and Douglas Kellner. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 2001. 71-101.

Jacoby, Russell. “Chapter 3: Mass Culture and Anarchy”. The End of Utopia: Politics and Culture in an Age of Apathy. New York: Basic Books, 1999. 67-99.

Jameson, Fredric. "Culture and Finance Capital." The Cultural Turn. London: Verso, 1998. 136- 61.

---. "Marxism and Postmodernism." The Cultural Turn. London: Verso, 1998. 33-49.

---. "Postmodernism, or the Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism." Media and Cultural Studies: Keyworks. Ed. Meenakshi Gigi Durham and Douglas Kellner. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2001. 550-87.

Johnson, Richard. “What is Cultural Studies Anyways?” Social Text 16 (1987): 38-80.

Larrain, Jorge. "Identity, the Other, and Postmodernism." Transformation: Post-ality: Marxism and Postmodernism 1 (1995): 271-89.

Larsen, Neil. "Imperialism, Colonialism, Postcolonialism: An Introduction." Determinations. London: Verso, 2001. 2-31.

Lazarus, Neil. "Disavowing Decolonization: Nationalism, Intellectuals and the Question of Representation in Postcolonial Theory." Nationalism and Cultural Practice in the Postcolonial World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999. 68-143.

Lodziak, Conrad. “On Explaining Consumption.” Capital and Class 72 (2000): 111-133.

Lukacs, Georg. "The Phenomenon of Reification." Trans. Rodney Livingstone. History and Class Consciousness. Cambridge MA: MIT Press, 1971. 83-110.

---. "What Is Orthodox Marxism?" Trans. Rodney Livingstone. History and Class Consciousness. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1971. 1-26.

---. "Class Consciousness." Trans. Rodney Livingstone. History and Class Consciousness. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1971. 46-82.


Lyotard, Jean-Francois. "Defining the Postmodern." The Cultural Studies Reader, Second Edition. Ed. Simon During. New York: Routledge, 1999. 142-45.

Marx, Karl. "Selections from Capital." The Marx-Engels Reader. Ed. Robert C. Tucker. New York: Norton, 1978. 302-29.

Marx, Karl and Engels, Friedrich. "The Ruling Class and the Ruling Ideas." Media and Cultural Studies: Keyworks. Ed. Meenakshi Gigi Durham and Douglas M Kellner. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2001. 39-42.

McNally, David. "Marxism in the Age of Information." New Politics 6.4 (Winter 1998): 99-106. Milner, Andrew. "Chapter Four." Class. London: Sage Publications, 1999.
Mooers, Colin. “The New Fetishism: Citizenship and Finance Capital.” Studies in Political Economy 66 (Fall 2001): 59-84.

Morris, Martin. "Contradictions of Postmodern Consumerism and Resistance." Studies in Political Economy 64 (Spring 2001): 7-32.

Mulhern, Francis. "Excerpts." Culture/Metaculture. London: Routledge, 2000. 49-83; 107-24.

Plant, Sadie. "Excerpt." The Most Radical Gesture: Situationist International in a Postmodern Age. London, New York: Routledge, 1992. 1-37.

Ong, Aiwa. “Cultural Citizenship as Subject Making: Immigrants Negotiate Racial and Cultural Boundaries in the United States.” Race, Identity and Citizenship: A Reader. Ed. Rodolfo D. Torres, Louis F. Miron, Jonathan X. Inda. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1999. 262-288.

Quayson, Ato. "Excerpt." Postcolonialism: Theory, Practice or Process? London: Polity Press, 2000. 1-22.

Said, Edward. "Orientalism (Excerpts)." Colonial Discourse and Postcolonial Theory: A Reader. Ed. Patrick Williams. New York: Columbia University Press, 1994. 132-49.

San Juan, E. "Chapter 7." Beyond Postcolonial Theory. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1998. 227- 50.

Slater, Don. "Chapter 4: The Culture of Commodities." Consumer Culture and Modernity. Oxford: Polity Press, 1998. 100-30.

Thompson, E.P. "Excerpt." The Making of the English Working Class. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1963. 9-15.


Thompson, E.P. "Custom and Culture." Customs in Common. New York: The New Press, 1991. 1-15.

Volpp, Leti. “Blaming Culture for Bad Behavior.” Yale Journal of Law and the Humanities 12: 1 (2000): 89-116.

Voloshinov, V.N. "Chapter 1: The Study of Ideologies and Philosophy of Language." Trans. Ladislav Matejka and I.R. Titunik. Marxism and the Philosophy of Language. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1986. 9-16.

Warner, Michael. "The Mass Public and the Mass Subject." The Phantom Public Sphere. Ed. Bruce Robbins. Minneapolis: University of Minneapolis Press, 1993. 234-56.

Williams, Raymond. "Chapter 6: Hegemony; Chapter 9: Structures of Feeling." Marxism and Literature. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1977. 108-14; 28-35.

---. "Culture Is Ordinary." Resources of Hope: Culture, Democracy, Socialism. London: Verso, 1989. 3-18.

Witheford, Nick Dyer. "Postmodernists." Cyber_Marx: Cycles and Circuits of Struggle in High_Technology Capitalism. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1999. 165-218.

Wood, Ellen Meiksins. “The Demos Versus ‘We, the People’: From Ancient to Modern Conceptions of Citizenship”. Democracy Against Capitalism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995. 204-237.

Young, Iris Marion. “Polity and Group Difference: A Critique of the Idea of Universal Citizenship”. The Citizenship Debates: A Reader. Ed. Gershon Shafir. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1998. 263-290.

Communication & Culture 6001 3.0/8901: Core Issues in Communication Studies

Adorno, Theodor. "On the Fetish-Character in Music and the Regression of Listening." The Essential Frankfurt School Reader. Ed. Andrew Arato and Eike Gebhardt. New York: Continuum, 1982. 270-99.

Ang, Ien. "The Nature of the Audience." Questioning the Media. Ed. Ali Mohammadi & Annabelle Sreberny-Mohammadi John Downing. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1995. 155-65.

---. "Cultural Studies, Media Reception and the Transnational Media System." Living Room Wars: Rethinking Media Audiences for a Postmodern World. London: Routledge, 1996. 133-49.

Barthes, Roland. "Myth Today." Mythologies. St. Albans: Paladin, 1973. 109-31.

Baudrillard, Jean. "The Ecstasy of Communication." The Anti-Aesthetic: Essays on Postmodern Culture. Ed. Hal Foster. Port Townsend, WA: West Bay Press, 1983. 126-34.

Beattie, Earle. "Confused Terminology in the Field of Communication, Information and Mass Media: Brillig but Mimsy." Canadian Journal of Communication (1981).

Berelson, Bernard. "The State of Communication Research." Public Opinion Quarterly 23.1 (1959): 1-17.

Blumer, Herbert. "Excerpt." Movies and Conduct. New York: MacMillan, 1933. 141-91.

Boyd-Barrett, Oliver. "Media Imperialism: Towards an International Framework for the Analysis of Media Systems." Mass Communication and Society. Ed. James Curran et al. Beverley Hills: Sage Publications, 1979. 116-35.

Burgoon, Judee K. and White, Cindy H. "Researching Nonverbal Message Production: A View from Interaction Adaptation Theory." Message Production: Advances in Communication Theory. Ed. John O. Greene. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum and Associates, 1997. 279-312.

Cantril, Hadley and Allport, Gordon W. "Excerpt." The Psychology of Radio. New York: Harper & Bros., 1935. 3-35.

Carey, James. "A Cultural Approach to Communication." Communication 2.2 (1975): 1-22.

---. "The Chicago School and Mass Communication Research." American Communication Research--the Remembered History. Ed. Everette E. Dennis and Ellen Wartella. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1996. 21-38.

Casmir, Fred L. Building Communication Theories: A Socio/Cultural Approach. Hillsdale, New Jersey; Hove, UK: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1994.

Corner, John. "Meaning, Genre and Context: The Problematics of 'Public Knowledge' in the New Audience Studies." Mass Media and Society, Second Edition. Ed. James Curran and Michael Gurevitch. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1996. 267-84.

Craig, Robert T. "Why Are There So Many Communication Theories?" Journal of Communication 43.3 (1993): 26-33.

---. "Communication Theory as a Field." Communication Theory 9.2 (1999): 119-61.

Czitrom, Daniel. "Excerpt." Media and the American Mind: From Morse to McLuhan. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1982. 91-121.

de Lauretis, Teresa. "The Technology of Gender." Technologies of Gender: Essays on Theory, Film and Fiction. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1987. 1-30.

Dewey, John. "Excerpt." The Public and Its Problems. Denver: A. Swallow, 1954. 143-84.

Eisenberg, Eric M. "Jamming: Transcendence through Organizing." Communication Research 17 (1990): 139-64.

Eisenstein, Elizabeth. "Excerpts." The Printing Press as an Agent of Change. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1978. 81-88; 129-36.

Ellis, Donald G. "Constructing Communication Theory." Crafting Society: Ethnicity, Class, and Communication Theory. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1999.

Fiske, John. "British Cultural Studies and Television." Channels of Discourse, Reassembled: Television and Contemporary Criticism. Ed. Robert C. Allen. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 1992. 284-326.

Garnham, Nicholas. "Contribution to a Political Economy of Mass Communication." Capitalism and Communication: Global Culture and the Economics of Information. London: Sage Publications, 1990. 20-55.

Gitlin, Todd. "Media Sociology: The Dominant Paradigm." Mass Communication Yearbook, Vol,2. Ed. Cleveland Wilhoit. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications, 1981. 73-121.

Golding, Peter and Murdock, Graham. "Culture, Communications, and Political Economy." Mass Media and Society, Second Edition. Ed. James Curran and Michael Gurevitch. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1996. 15-32.

Goodall J.R., H.L. "Trouble at the Border: The Mysterious Disappearance of Context, Self, and Other from Communication Scholarship." Living in the Rock N Roll Mystery: Reading Context, Self, and Other as Clues. Carbondale and Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University Press, 1991.

Habermas, Jurgen. "The Tasks of a Critical Theory of Society." The Theory of Communicative Action Vol. II. Boston: Beacon, 1987. 374-403.

---. "An Alternative Way out of the Philosophy of the Subject: Communicative Versus Subject- Centred Reason." The Philosophical Discourse of Modernity. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1987. 294-326.

Hall, Stuart. "Encoding/Decoding." Culture, Media and Language. Ed. Stuart Hall et al. London: Hutchinson, 1973. 128-38.

---. "Cultural Studies and the Centre: Some Problematics and Problems." Culture, Media, Language: Working Papers in Cultural Studies, 1972-79. London: Routledge, 1982. 15-47.

---. "The Rediscovery of 'Ideology': Return of the Repressed in Media Studies." Culture, Society and the Media. Ed. Michael Gurevitch. London: Methuen, 1982. 56-90.

---. "Signification, Representation, Ideology: Althusser and the Post-Structuralist Debates." Critical Studies in Mass Communication 2.2 (1985): 91-114.

---. "The Work of Representation." Representation: Cultural Representations and Signifying Practices. London: Sage Publications, 1997. 15-41.

Hardt, Hanno. "Excerpt." Critical Communication Studies: Communication, History and Theory in America. London: Routledge, 1992. 77-122.

Homer, Joan S. "The Spectrum of Communication: Can It Survive the Politics of Association?" Canadian Journal of Communication (1979).

Horkheimer, Max. "Art and Mass Culture." Studies in Social Science and Philosophy 9.1 (1941): 290-304.

Hovland, Carl, Lumsdaine, Arthur A. and Sheffield, Fred D. "Experiments in Mass Communication." Studies in Social Psychology in World War II Vol. III. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1949. 182-200.

Innis, Harold. "Paper and the Printing Press." Empire and Communications. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1972. 142-70.

Jameson, Frederic. "Transformations of the Image in Postmodernity." The Cultural Turn: Selected Writings on the Postmodern, 1983-1998. London: Verso, 1998. 93-135.

Jensen, Klaus Bruhn. "The Humanities in Media and Communication Resesarch." A Handbook of Media and Communication Research: Qualitative and Quantitative Methodologies. London and New York: Routledge, 2002. 15-40.

Jowett, Garth, Jarvie, Ian C., and Fuller, Kathryn A. "Excerpt." Children and the Movies: Media Influence and the Payne Controversies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996. 92-121.

Katz, Elihu and Lazarsfeld, Paul F. "Excerpts." Personal Influence: The Part Played by People in Mass Communications. New York: Free Press, 1955. 31-47; 309-20.

Katz, Elihu. "The Two-Step Flow of Communication." Public Opinion Quarterly 21 (1957): 61- 78.

Kellner, Douglas. "From 'Authentic Art' to the Culture Industries." Critical Theory, Marxism, and Modernity. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University, 1989. 121-45.

Lasswell, Harold. "The Structure and Function of Communication in Society." Mass Communications. Ed. Wilbur Schramm. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1960. 117-30.

Lazarsfeld, Paul F. "Remarks on Administrative and Critical Communications." Studies in Philosophy and Social Science 9.1 (1941): 2-16.

Lazarsfeld, Paul F., Berelson Bernard, and Gaudet, Hazel. "Excerpt." The People's Choice: How the Voter Makes up His Mind in a Presidential Campaign, Second Edition. New York: Columbia University Press, 1948. 150-8.

Lievrouw, Leah A. "Bridging the Subdisciplines: An Overview of Communication and Technology Research." Communication Yearbook 24. Ed. William B. Gudykunst. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 2000. 71-295.

Lowenthal, Leo. "Historical Perspectives on Popular Culture." Critical Theory and Society: A Reader. Ed. Stephen Bronner and Douglas Kellner. New York: Routledge, 1989. 184-98.

Mansfield, Nick. "Introduction." Subjectivity: Theories of the Self from Freud to Haraway. New York: New York University, 2000. 1-12.

Mayne, Judith. "Paradoxes of Spectatorship." Viewing Positions: Way of Seeing Film. Ed. Linda Williams. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1995. 155-83.

McGuire, William J. "The Yale Communication and Attitude-Change Program in the 1950s." American Communication Research--the Remembered History. Ed. Everette E. Dennis and Ellen Wartella. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1996. 39-59.

McQuail, Dennis. "The Empirical Tradition in the Sociology of Mass Communication." Towards a Sociology of Mass Communications. London: Collier MacMillan, 1969. 36-57.

Mead, George Herbert. "Excerpts." Mind, Self and Society. Chicago: University of Chicago, 1967. 68-82; 253-73.

Mifsud, Mari Lee, Johnson, Scott D. "Dialogic, Dialectic, and Rhetoric: Exploring Human Dialogue across the Discipline." Southern Communication Journal 65.2&3 (2000): 91-104.

Montgomer, Barbara M., Baxter Leslie A. "Dialogism and Relational Dialectics." Dialectical Approaches to Studying Personal Relationships. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1998. 155-83.

Morley, David. "Active Audience Theory: Pendulums and Pitfalls." Journal of Communication 43.4 (1993): 13-19.

Mosco, Vincent. "Excerpt." The Political Economy of Communication. London: Sage Publications, 1986. 70-82.

Mulvey, Laura. "Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema." Art after Modernism: Rethinking Representation. Ed. Brian Wallis. New York: New Museum of Conemporary Art, 1984. 361-73.

Munsterberger, Hugo. "Excerpt." The Film: A Psychological Study. New York: Dover Publications, 1970. 18-56.

Murdock, Graham. "Media, Culture and Modern Times: Social Science Investigations." A Handbook of Media and Communications Research. Ed. Klaus Bruhn Jensen. London and New York: Routledge, 2002. 40-60.

O'Keefe, Barbara. "Against Theory." Journal of Communication 43.3 (1993): 75-82.

Park, Robert. "Reflections on Communication and Culture." American Journal of Sociology 44.2 (1938): 187-205.

---. "News as a Form of Knowledge: A Chapter in the Sociology of Knowledge." American Journal of Sociology 45 (1941): 669-86.

Plato. "514a-518b." Trans. Tom Griffith. The Republic. Ed. G.R.F. Ferrari. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000. 220-24.

Rakow, Lana. "Feminist Perspectives on Popular Culture." Questioning the Media: An Introduction. Ed. Ali Mohammadi & Annabelle Sreberny-Mohammadi John Downing. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1995. 231-41.

Salter, Liora. "Taking Stock: Communication Studies in 1987." Canadian Journal of Communication (1987).

Schiller, Dan. "Communication and Labor in Late 19th-Century America." Theorizing Communication: A History. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Sconce, Jeffrey. "Chapter 5: Simulation and Psychosis." Haunted Media: Electronic Presence from Telegraphy to Television. Durham: Duke University, 2000. 167-209.

Seiter, Ellen. "Semiotics, Structuralism, and Television." Channels of Discourse, Reassembled: Television and Contemporary Criticism. Ed. Robert C. Allen. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 1992. 31-66.

Shepherd, Gregory J. "Building a Discipline of Communication." Journal of Communication 43.3 (1993): 83-91.

Stacks, Don; Hickson III, Mark & Hill, Sidney R. "Excerpt." Introduction to Communication Theory. Chicago: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1991. 97-134.

---. "Excerpt." Introduction to Communication Theory. Chicago: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1991. 187-203.

Stingelin, Martin. "Comments on a Ball: Nietzsche's Play on the Typewriter." Materialities of Communication. Ed. Hans Ulrich Gumbrecht and K. Ludwig Pfieffer. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1994. 70-82.

Tarde, Gabriel. "Opinion and Conversation." On Communication and Social Influence: Selected Papers. Ed. Terry N. Clark. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1969. 297-318.

Weaver, Warren. "Introductory Note on the General Setting of the Analytical Communication Studies." The Mathematical Theory of Communication. Ed. Claude and Warren Weaver Shannon. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1949. 3-28.

Whitney, J. Oates. "Classical Theories of Communication." The Communication of Ideas. Ed. L. Bryson. New York: Harper, 1948. 27-36.

Williams, Raymond. "Communications as Cultural Science." Journal of Communication 24.3 (1974): 17-25.

---. "Means of Communication as Means of Production." Problems in Materialism and Culture. London: Verso, 1980. 50-63.

Winthrop-Young, Geoffrey, and Wutz, Michael. "Translators' Introduction." Gramophone, Film, Typewriter. Ed. Friedrich Kittler. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1999. xi-xxxviii.

Communication & Culture 6002 3.0/CC 8902: Research Methods Workshop

Argyris, Chris, Robert Putnam and Diana McLain Smith. "Chapters 1 and 2." Action Science. San Francisco: Routledge Publishing, 1985.

Avison, David, F. Lau, P.A. Neillsen and M.Myers. "Action Research." Communications of ACM 42.1 (1999): 94-97.

Avison, David, Richard Baskerville and Michael Myers. "Controlling Action Research Projects." Information Technology and People 14 (2001): 28-45.

Babbie, Earl. The Practice of Social Research. Toronto: Wadsworth Publishing, 1998.

Barthes, Roland. "Photography and Electoral Appeal." Mythologies. Paris: Editions du Seuil, 1970.

Baskerville, Richard and A.T. Woord-Harper. "Diversity in Information Systems Action Research Methods." European Journal of Information Systems 7 (1998): 90-107.

Burell, G. and G. Morgan. "Chapter 1: Assumptions About the Nature of Social Science; Chapter 2: Assumptions About the Nature of Society; Chapter 3: Two Dimensions, Four Paradigms." Sociological Paradigms and Organizational Analysis. London: Heineman, 1969. 1-40.

Chatman, S. "Chapter 1." Story and Discourse: Narrative Structure in Fiction and Film. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1978.

Chouliaraki, Lilie and Norman Fairclough. Discourse in Later Modernity. Edinburgh: University of Edinburgh, 1999.

Colorado, University of. "Guides to Social Science and Qualitative Research." http://writing.colostate.edu/references/research.cfm

Cresswell, John W. "A Qualitative Procedure." Research Design: Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1994.

---. "Philosophical and Theoretical Frameworks." Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design: Choosing among Five Traditions. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1998. 73-90.

Fairclough, Norman. "Doing Discourse Analysis”; “Text Analysis: Constructing Social Reality”; “Critical Discourse Analysis and the Marketization of Public Discourse." Critical Discourse Analysis. London: Longmans, 1995.


Fiske, John. Introduction to Communication Studies. London: Methuen, 1982.

Forester, John. "Critical Ethnography: On Field Work in a Habermasian Way." Critical Management Studies. Ed. M. Alvesson and H. Willmott. London: Sage Publications, 1992. 46- 65.

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