History of Science and Technology: Water Engineering and Management; Astronomy; Medical Sciences; Magic
Dr. Ingrid Hehmeyer, Associate Professor in the History of Science and Technology, is an agricultural engineer who specializes in human-environmental relationships in the arid regions of ancient and medieval Arabia. Her current research focusses on the history of water technology in medieval Yemen, where she investigates technical innovations in hydraulic engineering and strategies for water management that allowed people to live under harsh environmental conditions. Part of this project involves a study of the methods of astronomical timekeeping used for allocating water, during both day and night. Her second area of research is the history of the medical sciences in the Islamic world. As a licensed pharmacist, she is particularly interested in the use of medicinal substances and their manufacture. The perpetual menace of disease on the one hand, and of water scarcity on the other – the two most fundamental threats to the basis of life – led people to resort to magical measures in the hopes that these might change the course of events. Tangible evidence for this exists in the form of magic-medicinal bowls, talismans and magical symbols, which form a major theme in her research.
HST 325 - History of Science and Technology I
HST 425 - History of Science and Technology II
HST 777 - Medicine from Antiquity to 1500 CE
HST 786 - Science and Technology in Islamic History
HST 787 - Astronomy versus Astrology
HST 788 - Water Use in History
A History of Water Engineering and Management in Yemen: Material Remains and Textual Foundations (Handbook of Oriental Studies, Section 1: The Near and Middle East 129). Leiden: Brill.
Majil and birka: Cisterns in the western highlands of Yemen. Pages 156-163 in: T.H.J. Marchand (ed.), Architectural Heritage of Yemen: Buildings that Fill My Eye. London: Gingko.
The ‘Iranian syndrome’ revisited: The question of technology transfer or local development in hydraulic engineering. Pages 103-114 in: W.Y. Al Tikriti & P.A. Yule (eds.), Proceedings of Water & Life in Arabia Conference 14th-16th December, 2014. Abu Dhabi: Tourism and Culture Authority.
The configuration of the heavens in Islamic astronomy. Pages 1083-1098 in: S. Günther & B.T. Lawson (eds.), Roads to Paradise: Eschatology and Concepts of the Hereafter in Islam (Islamic History and Civilization, 136). Leiden: Brill.
Medicinal plants and their uses in classical Arabic medicine: An example from Book II of Ibn Sina’s Kitab al-Qanun fi al-tibb. Pages 41-58 in: Ş. Güldütüna & D. Quintern (eds.), Ibn Sina’s Qanun fi al-tibb (Gülhane Studies, 1). Istanbul: Prof. Dr. Fuat Sezgin Research Foundation for the History of Science in Islam.
Water engineering and management practices in South Arabia: Aspects of continuity and change from ancient to medieval and modern times. Pages 43-54 in: A. Gingrich & S. Haas (eds.), South Arabia across History: Essays to the Memory of Walter Dostal. Wien: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften.
Denker und Tüftler: Wissenschaft und Technik in klassisch-islamischer Zeit. Pages 321-355 in: P. Gemeinhardt & S. Günther (eds.), Von Rom nach Bagdad. Bildung und Religion von der römischen Kaiserzeit bis zum klassischen Islam. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.
I. Hehmeyer & H. Schönig (eds.), Herbal Medicine in Yemen: Traditional Knowledge and Practice, and Their Value for Today’s World (Islamic History and Civilization 96). Leiden: Brill.
The validity of traditional medicine as an effective tool in issues of human health. Pages 7-20 in: I. Hehmeyer & H. Schönig (eds.), Herbal Medicine in Yemen: Traditional Knowledge and Practice, and Their Value for Today’s World (Islamic History and Civilization 96). Leiden: Brill.
Selected Presentations [i=invited]
Sept. 2019 Customary versus Islamic law: Sharing water in Yemen from the 14th to the 18th century – Contesting Water Management and Water Rights between 600 and the 19th Century, Technical University Darmstadt, Germany.
June 2019 The madrasa and the natural sciences: Some practical aspects as observed in medieval Zabid, Yemen – 1st International Prof. Dr. Fuat Sezgin Symposium for the History of Science in Islam, Istanbul University, Turkey [i]
July 2018 Water engineering and management in Rasulid Zabid (1228-1454) – 5th World Congress for Middle Eastern Studies, University of Seville, Spain.
Sept. 2017 Medical and pharmaceutical knowledge and practice – Anne Marie Schimmel Kolleg, University of Bonn, Germany, Fall School in “Science and Technology in the Islamic Middle Periods.” [i]
May 2017 Why is archaeohydrology important? The example of Zabid and its irrigated farmland, Yemen – Archaeohydrology of Oases and Cities: Water Management, Climate, Technological Change and Social Contexts, German Institute of Archaeology (DAI) and Free University, Berlin. [i]
May 2017 Ibn Sina’s materia medica: Some practical examples – Avicenna Revisited: Analysing a Muslim Polymath from a Present Perspective, University of Osnabrück. [i]
July 2016 History of Water Management in Yemen: Case Studies from Ancient to Premodern Times – Graduate School “Human Development in Landscapes”, University of Kiel, Germany. [i]
May 2016 More than Culinary Delight: Health Promoting Properties of Foods in Medieval Arabic Recipe Collections – 3rd Congress on History of Medicine, Fatih Sultan Mehmet Vakif University, Istanbul.