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Alexandra Orlova, Associate Professor

Alexandra Orlova

Associate Professor
DepartmentFaculty of Law, Department of Criminology in the Faculty of Arts
Areas of ExpertiseCriminal and international criminal law; human rights; global constitutionalism and organized crime

Appointment begins September 1, 2020

Alexandra Orlova received her PhD in law from Osgoode Hall Law School, York University, in 2004. She also holds a Bachelor of Laws (LLB) from Osgoode Hall Law School and has been called to the Bar of Ontario since 2002. Prior to pursuing her graduate studies, she articled with a large Bay Street firm and served as a legal counsel for the Ministries of Tourism and Culture, Recreation and Citizenship in the Ontario government. Orlova has taught at Ryerson University in the Faculty of Arts, Department of Criminology since 2005.

Orlova's main research interests focus on transnational organized crime, global constitutionalism, human rights and international crimes. She has been published widely in a variety of high-impact, international peer-reviewed journals, has co-edited a book with colleagues from the Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University and presented her work at a variety of national and international conferences.  

Orlova lectured as an invited international expert at the Railway Police College in Zhengzhou, China pertaining to issues of national security, terrorism and organized crime. She co-organized a number of international SSHRC funded conferences, which brought together scholars, practitioners and government officials from many different jurisdictions.  

Orlova is a member of editorial boards of Trends in Organized Crime journal and Contemporary Readings in Law and Social Justice journal. She provided expert opinion pertaining to organized crime and human trafficking to the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), the Norwegian Refugee Council’s Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre as well as for lawyers representing victims of organized crime and human trafficking in Canada and the UK. In addition to pursuing research, Orlova has acted as a supervisor to PhD and MA-level students, as well as supervised undergraduate and graduate research assistants. 

Edited Books

Dementev, I.O., Orlova, A.V., Chalyi V.A., eds., Место Западных Идей в Российском Общественном и Правовом Сознании (The Place of Western Ideas in Russian Socio-Legal Consciousness) (Kaliningrad, Russia: Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University Press, 2016) ISBN 978-5-9971-0434-4 [in Russian].

Edited Journal Volumes

Gerry Ferguson, Suvrajyoti Gupta, Alexandra Orlova, Poonam Puri, eds., “New Governance Strategies for Preventing Corruption: Law, Theory and Practice,” Jindal Global Law Review 9:1 (2018)

Papers in Refereed Journals

Orlova, A.V., “The Soft Power of Dissent: The Impact of Dissenting Opinions from the Russian Constitutional Court,” Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law 52 (2019), 611-642.

Orlova, A.V., “‘Foreign Agents,’ Sovereignty, and Political Pluralism: How the Russian Foreign Agents Law Is Shaping Civil Society,” Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs (JLIA) 7:2 (2019), 382-417 (Winner of the New York State Political Science Association’s (NYSPSA) Arthur L. Galub Best Faculty Paper Award). 

Orlova, A.V., “Russian Politics of Masculinity and the Decay of Feminism: The Role of Dissent in Creating New ‘Local Norms,’” William & Mary Journal of Race, Gender and Social Justice 25 (2018), 59-86.

Orlova, A.V., “Sovereignty, Dissent, and the Shaping of International Consensus around Human Rights: An Examination of Russian “Disengagement” from the European Court of Human Rights,” Arizona Journal of International and Comparative Law 35:3  (2018), 435-468.

Orlova A.V., Challenging Everyday Violence of the State: Developing Sustained Opposition Movements through Anti-Corruption Protests,” Research in Social Movements, Conflicts and Change 42 (2018), 173-196.

Orlova, A.V. and Boichev, V., “‘Corruption is Us’: Tackling Corruption by Examining the Interplay between Formal Rules and Informal Norms within the Russian Construction Industry” Journal of Developing Societies 33:4 (2017), 401-427. (Funding for this article was provided by Ryerson University Faculty of Arts Special Grant (SPG) and Ryerson University Faculty of Arts/OVPRI Undergraduate Research Opportunity (URO) grant.)

Orlova, A.V., “Public Interest,” Judicial Reasoning and Violence of the Law: Constructing Boundaries of the “Morally Acceptable” Contemporary Readings in Law and Social Justice 9:2 (2017), 51-80. (Funding for this project was provided by Office of the Vice President, Research and Innovation, Ryerson University and Office of the Dean of Arts, Ryerson University as well as Ryerson University Arts Undergraduate Research Assistants (AURA) grant program.)

Orlova, A.V., “Privatizing Homosexuality: Russia’s Reassertion of ‘Moral Sovereignty’ over Gay Rights” Human Rights and International Legal Discourse 11:2 (2017), 122-181. (Funding for this article was provided by the Ryerson University Faculty of Arts/OVPRI New Initiatives Award (NIA), as well as by the Ryerson University Faculty of Arts/OVPRI Undergraduate Research Opportunity (URO) Grant)

Orlova, A.V., “Plugging the Baby Gap? The Struggle to Reverse Demographic Decline in Russia” Russian Law Journal 3:3 (2015), 83-109. (An abridged version of this article first appeared in the Eurasia Studies Society of Great Britain & Europe Journal 3:2 (2014), 1-15) (Research for this article was supported by the Department of Criminology, Faculty of Arts funds).

Orlova, A.V., “A Promising Solution? Changing the Current Russian Business Climate by Amending the Criminal Code” European Business Law Review 23:5 (2012), 809-830. (Funding for this project was provided by Ryerson University Summer RA Program (Policy Studies).

Orlova, A.V., “Stoking Dangerous Fires: Nationalism and Hate Crime in the Russian Federation,” Journal of Eurasian Law 2:3 (2010), 37-62.

Orlova, A.V., “The Russian “War on Drugs”: A Kinder, Gentler Approach?” Problems of Post Communism 56:1 (2009), 23-34.

Orlova, A.V., “Russia’s Anti-Money Laundering Regime: Law Enforcement Tool or Instrument of Domestic Control?” Journal of Money Laundering Control 11:3 (2008), 210-233. (Funding for this project was provided by a Ryerson University SSHRC/SIG Research Grant.)

Orlova, A.V., “A Comparison of the Russian and Canadian Experiences with Defining ‘Organized Crime,’” Trends in Organized Crime 11:2 (2008), 99-134. (Funding for the project was provided by a Ryerson University Faculty of Arts SRC grant.)

Orlova, A.V., “Korruption in Russland. Vom Mythos des Marktes und des Staates als Gegenmittel” (Corruption in Russia: What remedy can finally cure it? Comparison of Yeltsin’s neo-liberal and Putin’s statist reforms) Osteuropa 1 (2008), 21-34 [in German].

(Most cited non-English language journal as evaluated in the Journal Citation Report (2001) of the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI).)

Orlova, A.V., “Missing the Mark: The Russian Experience with Defining ‘Organized Crime,’” Columbia Journal of East European Law 1:2 (2007), 207-230. (Funding for the project was provided by a Ryerson University Faculty of Arts SRC grant.)

Orlova, A.V., “A Hope for the Future? Prosecuting Crimes Against Humanity in Russia's Courts,” International Criminal Law Review 7 (2007), 45-76.

Orlova, A.V. and Baglay, S., “Stumpfe Waffen des Gesetzes: Der Kampf gegen den Menschenhandel in Russia und der Ukraine,” (A Comparative Analysis of Russian and Ukrainian Legislative Efforts Directed Against Human Trafficking) Osteuropa 6 (2006), 169-191 [in German].

Orlova, A. V. "Trafficking of Women and Children for Exploitation in the Commercial Sex Trade: The Case of the Russian Federation," Georgetown Journal of Gender and the Law, VI: II (2005), 157-178.

Orlova, A. V., and Moore, J. W., “‘Umbrellas' or ‘Building Blocks’? Defining International Terrorism and Transnational Organized Crime in International Law,” Houston Journal of International Law, 27: 2 (2005), 267-310. (This article was cited by the Supreme Court of Canada in R v. Venneri [2012] 2 S.C.R. 211 at para.39 (majority opinion, written by Fish J.)

Orlova, A. V., “Organized Crime and the Rule of Law in the Russian Federation,” Essex Human Rights Review, 2:1 (2005), 23-37.

Orlova, A.V., “From Social Dislocation to Human Trafficking: The Russian Case,” Problems of Post Communism, 51: 6 (2004), 14-22.

Book Chapters

Orlova, A.V., “Russian Organized Crime and Political Power” in Felia Allum and Stan Gilmour eds., The Handbook of Organized Crime and Politics (Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar, 2019), forthcoming. (This publication was supported by a grant provided by the Office of the Dean of Arts, Ryerson University)

Orlova, A.V., “Влияние Запада: правовой колониализм или космополитизм? Место зарубежной правовой позиции и соразмерности в продвижении защиты прав человека” Ma(Western Influence: legal colonialism or cosmopolitanism? The place of foreign legal ideas and the concept of proportionality in protecting human rights) in Dementev, I.O., Orlova, A.V., Chalyi V.A., eds., Место Западных Идей в Российском Общественном и Правовом Сознании (The Place of Western Ideas in Russian Socio-Legal Consciousness) (Kaliningrad, Russia: Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University Press, 2016), at 153-177 [in Russian].

Orlova,A.V., “The Fight Against Transnational Organized Crime in Russia” in Felia Allum and Stan Gilmour eds., Routledge Handbook of Transnational Organized Crime (London and New York: Routledge, 2011) at 494-508.

Burstein, P. and Orlova, A.V., “Criminal Organization Legislation: Politics and Practice” in M.E. Beare ed., Honouring Social Justice (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2008) at 251-270.

Other Publications

Orlova, A.V., “Роль конституционных судов в конструировании концепции «общественного интереса» и влияние на права меньшинств” (The Role of Constitutional Courts in Construction of “Public Interest” and Impact on Minority Rights), II International Conference proceedings titled, Тамбовские правовые чтения имени Ф.Н. Плевако (Tambov Legal Readings Dedicated to 175th Anniversary of Fyodor Plevako), (Tambov: Tambov Federal University Press, 2017) at 91-96 [in Russian].

Winner of the Arthur L. Gallub best faculty paper award for the New York State Political Science Association (2019)

Degree Institution Year
Ph.D. (Doctor of Laws) Osgoode Hall Law School, York University 2004
LLB (Bachelor of Laws) Osgoode Hall Law School, York University 2000

Called to the Bar of Ontario (2002)