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Aboriginal Education

The following resources have been generously shared with the Learning & Teaching Office by the Aboriginal Education Council.


Land Acknowledgement and Protocol

"Toronto is in the 'Dish With One Spoon Territory’. The Dish With One Spoon is a treaty between the Anishinaabe, Mississaugas and Haudenosaunee that bound them to share the territory and protect the land. Subsequent Indigenous Nations and peoples, Europeans and all newcomers have been invited into this treaty in the spirit of peace, friendship and respect."

Download Land Acknowledgement and Protocol [pdf]

Learn more: Ryerson Land Acknowledgement - Ryerson Aboriginal Education Council

Truth and Reconciliation
The Blanket Exercise

What is the Blanket Exercise? A teaching tool to share the historic and contemporary relationship between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples in Canada. Developed in response to the 1996 Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples which recommended education on Canadian-Indigenous history as one of the key steps to reconciliation, the Blanket Exercise covers over 500 years of history in a one and a half hour participatory workshop. 

Preview the Blanket Exercise by watching this video.

Read more about the Blanket Exercise.

Indigenous Knowledge for Education

Video Resources

Learning from Indigenous Worldviews, Dr. Jan Hare, Reconciliation Through Indigenous Education, University of British Columbia

What is the Aboriginal Worldview?, Susie Jones

Different Ways of Knowing the World, Dr. Allan Luke

First Peoples Principles of Learning, Laura Tait

Indigenous Knowledge and Western Science, Dr. Gregory Cajete

Indigenous Knowledge and Western Science, Dr. Leroy Little Bear

Learning from Story, Dr. Jan Hare, Reconciliation Through Indigenous Education, University of British Columbia

Indigenizing the Academy
Learning from the Land

Whose Land Is It Anyway? A Manual for Decolonization [available in PDF and epub]

Video Resources

Learning from the Land, Dr. Jan Hare, Reconciliation Through Indigenous Education, University of British Columbia

A Pueblo Story of Sustainability, Dr. Gregory A. Cajete, TEDxABQSalon

An Interview with Leanne Simpson


Are these resources helpful?

If you would like to make comments or suggestions, recommend useful resources, or share your practice, please email Michelle Schwartz, Instructional Design and Research Strategist, at

Please check out the LTO's list of current programs for more services to help you improve your teaching.

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