Welcome to the fifty-fifth issue of The LTO Best Practices. Each month, the Learning & Teaching Office will be spotlighting a timely topic in education. This May, our topic is "The Flipped Classroom."
Check out our page of Teaching Tips handouts for more downloadable documents on a variety of teaching topics.
The flipped or inverted classroom is a form of blended learning in which “events that have traditionally taken place inside the classroom now take place outside the classroom and vice versa” (Lage et al., as cited in Bishop and Verlager, 2013). In this model, learning is divided into two parts – “interactive group learning activities inside the classroom, and direct computer-based individual instruction outside the classroom” (Bishop & Verleger, 2013).
The flipped classroom typically takes the form of web-based video lectures delivered at home, with class time devoted to problem solving, discussion, debates, case studies, and other activities. What is important to keep in mind is that the flipped classroom “actually represents an expansion of the curriculum, rather than a mere re-arrangement of activities” (Bishop & Verlager, 2013). Another important distinction is that the flipped classroom gives students their first exposure to new course content outside of class, followed by time spent in class assimilating the content into new knowledge (Brame, 2013).
Cynthia Brame believes that the flipped classroom meets key characteristics of a successful learning experience, as defined by Bransford, Brown, and Cocking in their book How People Learn:
“By providing an opportunity for students to use their new factual knowledge while they have access to immediate feedback from peers and the instructor, the flipped classroom helps students learn to correct misconceptions and organize their new knowledge such that it is more accessible for future use. Furthermore, the immediate feedback that occurs in the flipped classroom also helps students recognize and think about their own growing understanding” (Brame, 2013).
Brame has defined the flipped classroom as having four key elements (2013):
"The LTO Best Practices" is produced monthly by Michelle Schwartz, Research Associate at The Learning & Teaching Office of Ryerson University.
Do you have any thoughts, suggestions, or best practices that you would like to see appear in this newsletter? Please send all submissions to email@example.com. We look forward to including your contributions in our next issue!
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