# GPA Calculation

A cumulative grade point average is calculated as an indicator of overall academic performance in a program and is used as a criterion for graduation requirements, for honours graduation or other academic distinctions, and for determining academic standing during study in a program.

1. Take the grade points for each grade received at Ryerson (except for first attempts at courses you have repeated) and multiply each by its course weight (eg. a "C" in a course with a weight of one is 2.00, a "C" in a course with a weight of two is 4.00 - see the table below) and add the products.
2. Add together the course weight for each of the courses taken, except for first attempts of courses you have repeated.
3. Divide the total grade points by the total course weights and that is your grade point average.
Course A 1.00 A- 3.67 3.67
Course B 1.00 B 3.00 3.00
Course C 1.00 C 2.00 2.00
Course D 2.00 B+ 3.33 6.66
Course E 1.00 A- 3.67 3.67
Course F 1.00 B- 2.67 2.67
TOTAL 7.00   21.67 3.10

21.67 ÷ 7.00 = 3.10

• Courses completed prior to formal program admission will not be included in the calculation of cumulative grade point averages.
• For purposes of calculating grade point averages, courses of one term and two terms in duration will be given weights of 1 and 2 respectively, with provision for variation in this norm under exceptional circumstances.
• The grade point average is calculated as the sum of the products of course weights and earned grade points, divided by the sum of the course weights, and rounded to the second decimal place.
• The following course performance designations are not included in calculating the grade point average: AEG, AUD, CNC, CHG, CRT, CRD, CRV, DEF, EXN, INC, INP, GNR, NCR, NSC and PSD.
• The designation F-S is included in the grade point average at zero grade points (like an F grade) as an interim failure until a final grade is assigned.
• The designation FNA is included in the grade point average at zero grade points and counts as a failure when academic standings are assigned.
• The grade earned for a repeated course is used to replace the previous grade in calculating subsequent grade point averages even if the later grade is lower, however both attempts will be recorded on the transcript. If at least one of the course attempts results in a passing grade, the course will count towards graduation requirements irrespective of the sequence of grades earned. No courses can be repeated more than twice.
• An initial academic standing is not calculated until the student has received three or more course grades.
• The cumulative grade point average is calculated at the end of each academic term for which additional course grades have been recorded on the student's academic record. It is calculated using Ryerson course grades in the program in which the student is registered.

A GPA Adjustment allows you to request a course or courses to be excluded from your cumulative grade point average (CGPA) for your current program of study. The excluded courses will not be removed from your academic record and transcript. Courses that are excluded or replaced as part of a GPA Adjustment request can no longer be used towards satisfying any graduation requirements including minors and/or concentrations.

Note: A GPA adjustment may or may not improve your overall CGPA, depending on the grade you are replacing and the grade you will obtain in the newer course.

Only the CGPA calculated after the term to which you are applying the adjustment will be considered for adjustment. You must request a GPA adjustment by the deadline during the term in which you are taking the course. See the current Undergraduate Calendar for the deadline to submit your GPA Adjustment Request Form.

Academic Standings and CGPAs from previous terms will not be considered or adjusted.

A GPA adjustment may occur under one of the following conditions:

1. Course Replacement: Permits you to use a currently-enrolled course to replace, for GPA purposes only, a previously graded Professional, Professionally-Related, Open Elective, Liberal Studies course, or a course within a Required Group. Both courses must belong to the same group or table. For example, you have decided to upgrade a course within an elective table, but you take another course within the same table instead of the original course. NOTE: Ryerson will not automatically know that the second course is meant to act as an adjustment unless you submit the GPA Adjustment Request Form.
2. Course Exclusion: Permits you to request that a certain course be excluded from your CGPA calculation. For example, if a course is a general-interest course that is not applicable to your program of study; OR if the course is an extra course that was taken after having completed your program requirements for that table or group. Use your advisement report available in RAMSS to confirm that the course is not applicable or is not being used towards to your program requirements. It is advisable you consult with your program Department/School to discuss how this will affect your GPA and academic standing.

You must request a GPA adjustment by submitting a GPA Adjustment Request Form no later than the deadline published online in the current Calendar for the term in which the GPA Adjustment will apply. Forms received after the published deadline will not be considered.

You will receive an email confirming receipt of your GPA adjustment request within a few weeks of the deadline date. During the term, you will also be informed via email if your request has been approved or denied.

GPA Adjustment Forms are processed after the official grades appear on RAMSS for the respective term (grades are recorded in RAMSS approximately two weeks after the end of term). Processing your approved GPA adjustment may take up to 30 days from the official grade release date for the term. Check your unofficial transcript and/or your Advisement Report in RAMSS for any updates.

FAQ
1. Is there a deadline to submit my GPA Adjustment Request Form?
The deadline to submit a GPA Adjustment Request Form for a currently enrolled course is published online in the current Calendar. The date will vary for each term.

2. Can I request a GPA Adjustment for a course taken in the current term to replace a course also taken in the current term?
You cannot use a GPA Adjustment to replace a course taken in the current term with another course from the same term.

3. Can I request a course replacement to exclude a course in the current term and include a completed course in the previous term?
No. A course replacement must use a course in the current term to exclude a course taken in a previous term.

4. How do I access and use my advisement report in RAMSS?For information on your academic advisement report in RAMSS, go to How to View my Advisement Report. Contact your Program Department/School for assistance if you have questions when using your advisement report or if you need help to determine if courses are in the same table/group before submitting your GPA Adjustment Request Form.

5. Do I have to submit a GPA Adjustment Request Form if I repeat the same course?
You do not need a GPA Adjustment Request Form if you are repeating the same course. For example, if you have previously taken PHL110 and are retaking either PHL110 or CPHL110, you will not need a GPA Adjustment Form.

6. If I repeat a course, will both grades count towards my GPA?
If you are repeating a course, both grades will show on your transcript; however, only the most recent grade will be counted towards your CGPA.

7. If I repeated and failed a course I had previously passed, what will happen to my GPA?
If you earned a passing grade in a course, but then re-take and fail the same course, then the failed grade (most recent grade) will count towards your CGPA calculation. If at least one of the course attempts results in a passing grade, the course will count towards graduation requirements irrespective of the sequence of grades earned.

8. What if I received an INC for the course I intended to use as a replacement on my GPA Adjustment form?

9. Can I submit a GPA Adjustment to replace a course from my current undergraduate program with a course I am taking for my certificate program?
You cannot replace a course from your undergraduate career with a course taken in your certificate career. GPA Adjustment Request Forms can only be submitted for courses within the same program/career.

10. Can I submit a GPA Adjustment to replace a course from my previous undergraduate program with a course I am taking in my current (new) undergraduate program?
You can only submit a GPA Adjustment Form for courses within the same program.

11. Why might a GPA adjustment request be denied?
A GPA adjustment will be denied for any one of the following reasons:
• It was submitted after the published deadline for GPA adjustments for the term of the currently enrolled course you listed on your form
• The courses on your Course Replacement request are not part of the same program group/table
• The courses on your Course Exclusion request are part of your program's requirements
• You have requested to replace a current course with a course completed prior to the current term
• You dropped the course(s) you had requested to be considered for GPA adjustment
• You have requested a GPA adjustment for a Required course