The following demonstration test illustrates a version of a "Q-sort",
a self-assessment procedure for measuring **congruence**, a state of internal
consistency which Carl Rogers saw as important to healthy personality growth.
A brief discussion follows the test, which is self-scoring (as described
below). Please read the directions, and complete part A *before* going
on to part B!

Please select **ten **adjectives from the following list which you
feel describe what you are like. (You may find it useful to write them down
on a sheet of paper, or print this page, and cut them out individually.)
Try to be as honest and accurate as possible in making the choices to describe
yourself. (For example, don't omit an adjective that describes you well if
it happens to be somewhat negative, like "anxious".) Once you have selected
the ten which best describe you, then arrange them in order, from the most
important/significant aspects, to those which are least significant in describing
your personality. Write them down, with the rank order, on a piece of paper,
then fold it and put it aside. Place all the words together, shuffle them,
and then go on to part B.

You are now requested to do the same task again, but this time selecting
**ten** terms to describe what you *wish* you were like--that is,
your personal ideal. (For example, you may feel that you are shy, but would
like to be extraverted.) Do not refer to the list from part A in making your
choices! Once you have selected ten, arrange them in rank order, from the
most important/significant, to those which are relatively unimportant in
your imagined ideal. As in part A, write them down, in ranked order, on a
piece of paper.

Take the two lists from parts A and B, and assign values to the ranks in
each list, with the first term = 10, the second term =9, etc. (the
last term will have a value of 1). Now, identify any adjectives that do
*not* appear in both lists (appearing in different positions doesn't
matter). For any terms which do not appear in both lists, change the value
to zero. For terms which appear in both lists, give the value assigned for
the term in list A to the term in list B. Then, using the values you have
assigned to the two lists (including the zero terms), apply the following
formula:

(sum of list A + sum of list B)/(1.1) = score

The score range is from 0 to 100, with 100 representing a perfect match of
**self** and **ideal self **(i.e., complete congruence); if half the
terms appear in both lists (but with different ranks), the median score would
be approximately 50. In general, the lower the score, the less congruent
is the relationship between one's self and ideal self. (For further information
on these concepts, refer to the textbook, or the links to other sites.)

**Note** that this demonstration is **not** meant to be a serious clinical
device, and no claims are made as to its validity or reliability! (Even the
scoring system is an approximation, as a **correlation coefficient** would
provide a more precise indicator.) It is provided here simply as a learning
tool, to better understand Rogers' Sconcepts of self, ideal self, and congruence.