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Programs & Degree Requirements

As a graduate student, you can choose from the Doctoral program (PhD, full time), Master of Applied Science (MASc, full time) or the Master of Engineering (MEng, full time or part time).

The PhD postgraduate program requires the successful completion of four one-term graduate courses, the passing of a qualifying/candidacy examination (for more information please refer to the PDF filePhD Candidacy Examination Guide) and a dissertation based on original research. Your supervisor must approve the dissertation research proposal submitted in writing by you. With the approval of the supervisor, one of the four courses may be the Directed Studies course (AE8135), normally conducted by the supervisor. Two of the four course credits must be Ryerson Aerospace Engineering graduate courses. After consultation with you, your supervisor will recommend to the program director the appointment of a supervisory committee. Within 20 months of initial registration, every student in the PhD program will undertake an oral and written candidacy examination. The core aspect of the program is the successful defence of the doctoral dissertation at both the aerospace program and Yeates School of Graduate Studies oral examinations.

The MASc postgraduate program requires the successful completion of five one-term course credits and a research thesis. No undergraduate credits may be taken towards the degree. At least three of the required five courses must be taken at Ryerson and must be Ryerson Aerospace Engineering graduate courses. Your supervisor must approve the proposed thesis plan, which will be presented by you in writing. Course selections are normally confirmed through a Program of Study agreement between supervisor and the student, with the approval of the director. With the approval of the supervisor, one of the five courses may be the Directed Studies course (AE8135), normally conducted by the supervisor. An oral presentation of the research thesis—and results—will be arranged in a seminar format. The examination committee will assess your research thesis.

The MEng postgraduate program requires the successful completion of eight one-term courses and a major project. No undergraduate credits may be taken towards the degree. At least four of the required eight courses must be taken at Ryerson and must be Ryerson Aerospace Engineering graduate courses. Your faculty advisor must approve the proposed project plan (project-option MEng), which you will present in writing. Course selections are normally confirmed through a Program of Study agreement between you and your advisor, with the approval of the director. With the approval of the faculty advisor, one of the eight courses may be the Directed Studies Course (AE8135), normally conducted by the faculty advisor. An oral presentation of the project report—and results—will be arranged in a seminar format. The examination committee will assess your project report. There is also a course option available in the MEng program, where you may apply to substitute two courses for the major project.

PhD MASc MEng
Four course credits1 (may include or be a combination of: Two from a related Ryerson graduate program or two can be transfer credits. At least two of the total four must be Ryerson Aerospace credits) Five course credits1 (may include or be a combination of: Two from a related Ryerson graduate program or two transfer credits. At least three of the total five must be Ryerson Aerospace credits) Eight course credits(may include or be a combination of: Four from a related Ryerson graduate program or four transfer credits. At least four of the total eight must be Ryerson Aerospace credits)
Dissertation Thesis Project2
1All courses are one semester and are equal to one course credit
2MEng students may apply to substitute two courses for the project (see the PDF fileCourse Option form)

Degree Completion Time Regulations

The minimum and maximum times allowed for course-work and research in the programs are indicated below. Transfer from full-time to part-time master’s status, and vice versa, requires approval, particularly when the maximum time span allowed for program completion could become an important factor for consideration.


PhD Full Time MASc/MEng Full Time MEng Part Time
Minimum length of time to complete degree Two calendar years
(24 months or six academic terms)
One calendar year
(12 months or three academic terms)
Two calendar years
(24 months or six academic terms)
Maximum length of time to complete degree Six calendar years
(72 months or 18 academic terms)
Three calendar years
(36 months or 9 academic terms)
Five calendar years
(60 months or 15 academic terms)
Average length of time to complete degree Four calendar years
(48 months or 12 academic terms)
Two calendar years
(24 months or 6 academic terms)
Three calendar years
(36 months or 9 academic terms)

The Yeates School of Graduate Studies requires continuous registration throughout the residency period for all students in the program, either PhD or master’s (full time or part time), in which the student is registered.

Grade Requirements

You must repeat a course, or substitute with an alternate course, if a course mark is less than B- (70%) for both MEng and MASc, and less than B (73%) for PhD. Failure to maintain an acceptable academic standing could result in you being asked to withdraw from the program. Failure in more than one graduate course will be considered grounds for dismissal.